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  1. The past few years have seen a considerable rise in interest towards artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in radiology. However, in order for such systems to perform adequately, large amou...

    Authors: Daniel Pinto dos Santos and Bettina Baeßler

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:42

    Content type: Narrative review

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  2. The contrast agent (CA) dose for abdominal computed tomography (CT) is typically based on patient total body weight (TBW), ignoring adipose tissue distribution. We report on our experience of dosing according ...

    Authors: Moreno Zanardo, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Anastassia Esseridou, Stefania Tritella, Chiara Mattiuz, Laura Menicagli, Giovanni Di Leo and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:41

    Content type: Original article

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  3. To investigate a potentially amplifying genotoxic or cytotoxic effect of different gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in combination with ultra-high-field 7-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exposure in...

    Authors: Björn Friebe, Frank Godenschweger, Mahsa Fatahi, Oliver Speck, Dirk Roggenbuck, Dirk Reinhold and Annika Reddig

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:40

    Content type: Original article

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  4. The size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) is a dose-related metrics that incorporates patient size into its calculation. It is usually derived from the volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) by applying a c...

    Authors: Siobhan O’Neill, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Niamh Moore, Michael Maher and Owen J. O’Connor

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:38

    Content type: Original article

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  5. The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro pineapple juice and a solution of concentrated pineapple juice with a paramagnetic contrast agent in order to determine the feasibility of using the solution of c...

    Authors: Riccardo Faletti, Marco Gatti, Andrea Di Chio, Marco Fronda, Matteo Anselmino, Federico Ferraris, Fiorenzo Gaita and Paolo Fonio

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:39

    Content type: Technical note

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  6. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a relatively common disorder with significant associated morbidity. Sarcopenia and myosteatosis are associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study investigated o...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Michael M. Maher, Owen J. O’Connor and Emmet J. Andrews

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:37

    Content type: Original article

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  7. Radiomics is an emerging translational field of research aiming to extract mineable high-dimensional data from clinical images. The radiomic process can be divided into distinct steps with definable inputs and ou...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Francesca Botta, Sara Raimondi, Daniela Origgi, Cristiana Fanciullo, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti and Massimo Bellomi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:36

    Content type: Narrative review

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  8. The primary aim was to compare fractional anisotropy (FA) values derived with different diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis approaches (atlas-based, streamline tractography, and combined). A secondary aim ...

    Authors: Volker Ressel, Hubertus J. A. van Hedel, Ianina Scheer and Ruth O’Gorman Tuura

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:33

    Content type: Original article

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  9. Proton-density fat fraction (PDFF) of the paraspinal muscles, derived from chemical shift encoding-based water-fat magnetic resonance imaging, has emerged as an important surrogate biomarker in individuals wit...

    Authors: Thomas Baum, Cristian Lorenz, Christian Buerger, Friedemann Freitag, Michael Dieckmeyer, Holger Eggers, Claus Zimmer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos and Jan S. Kirschke

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:32

    Content type: Technical note

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  10. Computed tomography (CT) emphysema quantification is affected by both radiation dose (i.e. image noise) and reconstruction technique. At reduced dose, filtered back projection (FBP) results in an overestimation o...

    Authors: Annemarie M. den Harder, Erwin de Boer, Suzanne J. Lagerweij, Martijn F. Boomsma, Arnold M. R. Schilham, Martin J. Willemink, Julien Milles, Tim Leiner, Ricardo P. J. Budde and Pim A. de Jong

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:30

    Content type: Original article

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  11. Deep learning is a ground-breaking technology that is revolutionising many research and industrial fields. Generative models are recently gaining interest. Here, we investigate their potential, namely conditio...

    Authors: Fabio Galbusera, Tito Bassani, Gloria Casaroli, Salvatore Gitto, Edoardo Zanchetta, Francesco Costa and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:29

    Content type: Original article

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  12. One of the most promising areas of health innovation is the application of artificial intelligence (AI), primarily in medical imaging. This article provides basic definitions of terms such as “machine/deep lea...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:35

    Content type: Narrative review

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  13. Image-guided elastoplasty is an innovative method for percutaneous vertebral augmentation with a silicone elastomeric material. Our aim was to evaluate its technical success, safety and efficacy as well as the...

    Authors: Giovanni Mauri, Luca Nicosia, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Gianluca Maria Varano, Paolo Della Vigna, Guido Bonomo, Franco Orsi and Giovanni Carlo Anselmetti

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:31

    Content type: Original article

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  14. To evaluate the feasibility of multicolour quantitative imaging with spectral photon-counting computed tomography (SPCCT) of different mixed contrast agents.

    Authors: Salim Si-Mohamed, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Valérie Tatard-Leitman, David P. Cormode, Pratap C. Naha, Philippe Coulon, Lucie Rascle, Ewald Roessl, Michal Rokni, Ami Altman, Yoad Yagil, Loic Boussel and Philippe Douek

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:34

    Content type: Original article

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  15. To evaluate residual endoleak and thrombus organisation with shear wave imaging (SWI) after endoleak embolisation through an animal study.

    Authors: Antony Bertrand-Grenier, Fatemeh Zehtabi, Sophie Lerouge, Husain Alturkistani, Claude Kauffmann, Paule Bodson-Clermont, Igor Salazkin, Hélène Héon, Guy Cloutier and Gilles Soulez

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:28

    Content type: Original article

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  16. To explore the possibility of creating three-dimensional (3D) estimation models for patient-specific wall thickness (WT) maps using patient-specific and cohort-averaged WT, wall shear stress (WSS), and vessel ...

    Authors: Pim van Ooij, Merih Cibis, Ethan M. Rowland, Meike W. Vernooij, Aad van der Lugt, Peter D. Weinberg, Jolanda J. Wentzel and Aart J. Nederveen

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:27

    Content type: Original article

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  17. The aim was to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to dynamically assess postprandial changes in hepatic and collateral blood flow, liver perfusion and oxygenation in healthy participants and patients with li...

    Authors: Eleanor F. Cox, Naaventhan Palaniyappan, Guruprasad P. Aithal, Indra N. Guha and Susan T. Francis

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:26

    Content type: Original article

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  18. Estimated intracranial volume (eTIV) from FreeSurfer is not segmentation-based but calculated from the alignment of the input magnetic resonance (MR) images to the MNI305 brain atlas, an approach that could le...

    Authors: Niklas Klasson, Erik Olsson, Carl Eckerström, Helge Malmgren and Anders Wallin

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:24

    Content type: Original article

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  19. Although splenectomy is considered the preferred treatment for hypersplenism, intraoperative blood loss remains a common occurrence. We prospectively compared the perioperative and clinical outcome of splenic ...

    Authors: Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Ahmed Raafat, Tamer Rushdy and Walid A. Mawla

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:23

    Content type: Original article

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  20. To present and evaluate a new respiratory level biofeedback system that aids the patient to return to a consistent breath-hold level with potential application in image-guided interventions.

    Authors: W. J. Heerink, M. D. Dorrius, H. J. M. Groen, P. M. A. Van Ooijen, R. Vliegenthart and M. Oudkerk

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:22

    Content type: Original article

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  21. X-ray and particle radiation therapy planning requires accurate estimation of local electron density within the patient body to calculate dose delivery to tumour regions. We evaluate the feasibility and accura...

    Authors: Kai Mei, Sebastian Ehn, Markus Oechsner, Felix K. Kopp, Daniela Pfeiffer, Alexander A. Fingerle, Franz Pfeiffer, Stephanie E. Combs, Jan J. Wilkens, Ernst J. Rummeny and Peter B. Noël

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:20

    Content type: Original article

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  22. Iodine-containing contrast media (ICM) are extensively used to improve image quality and information content in x-ray-based examinations, particularly in computed tomography (CT). In parallel, there is increas...

    Authors: Mélanie L. Ferlazzo, Clement Devic, Adeline Granzotto, Anne-Marie Charvet, Franck Pilleul, Catherine Colin, Marie-Claude Biston, Aurélie Joubert, Michel Bourguignon and Nicolas Foray

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:21

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  23. We compared different surgical techniques for nerve regeneration in a rabbit sciatic nerve gap model using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), electrophysiology, limb function, and histology.

    Authors: Tina Jeon, Emil S. Vutescu, Eliana B. Saltzman, Jordan C. Villa, Scott W. Wolfe, Steve K. Lee, Joseph H. Feinberg, Sarah L. Pownder, Jonathan P. Dyke and Darryl B. Sneag

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:19

    Content type: Original article

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  24. To assess the feasibility of a novel system that uses augmented reality to guide interventional oncology procedures.

    Authors: Marco Solbiati, Katia M. Passera, Alessandro Rotilio, Francesco Oliva, Ilaria Marre, S. Nahum Goldberg, Tiziana Ierace and Luigi Solbiati

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:18

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Stents are commonly used to treat aortic coarctation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the post-implantation computed tomography (CT) image quality of different stent types used to treat aortic coar...

    Authors: Sara Boccalini, Annemarie M. den Harder, Maarten Witsenburg, Johannes P. J. M. Breur, Gabriel P. Krestin, Ingrid M. van Beynum, Mohamed Attrach, Nicola Stagnaro, Maurizio Marasini, Pim A. de Jong, Tim Leiner and Ricardo P. J. Budde

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:17

    Content type: Original article

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  26. Trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) has shown a significant overall survival benefit in patients with heavily pre-treated metastatic colorectal cancer. However, predicting treatment response and toxicity in indiv...

    Authors: Sophie A. Kurk, Bart R. Steensma, Anne M. May, Miriam Koopman, Hans M. Hoogduin, Tijl A. van der Velden, Dennis W. J. Klomp and Wybe J. M. van der Kemp

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:16

    Content type: Technical note

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  27. The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the diagnostic performance of integrated positron emission tomography (PET) /dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) imaging in determining the thoracic nodal...

    Authors: Carlo N. De Cecco, Philip Burchett, Marly van Assen, James Ravenel, Samuel Lewis Cooper, Hong Li, Marques L. Bradshaw, William J. Rieter, U. Joseph Schoepf and Leonie Gordon

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:15

    Content type: Methodology

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  28. During mammography, the thyroid is exposed to scattered radiation from breast tissue and the device. This may increase the risk of radiation induced thyroid cancer.

    Authors: Miriam Pyka, Patrik Eschle, Christian Sommer, Mathias S. Weyland, Rahel Kubik and Stephan Scheidegger

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:14

    Content type: Original article

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  29. Spinal cord atrophy is one of the hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); however, it is not routinely assessed in routine clinical practice. In the present study, we evaluated whether spinal cord cr...

    Authors: Niccolò Piaggio, Matteo Pardini, Luca Roccatagliata, Carlo Scialò, Corrado Cabona, Laura Bonzano, Matilde Inglese, Giovanni L. Mancardi and Claudia Caponnetto

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:13

    Content type: Technical note

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  30. The aim of our study was to evaluate the potential and the limitations of standard clinical imaging modalities for the examination of ancient Egyptian canopic jars and the mummified visceral organs (putatively...

    Authors: Patrick E. Eppenberger, Mislav Cavka, Michael E. Habicht, Francesco M. Galassi and Frank Rühli

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:12

    Content type: Original article

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  31. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any texture features show a correlation with intrahepatic tumor growth before the metastasis is visible to the human eye.

    Authors: Anton S. Becker, Marcel A. Schneider, Moritz C. Wurnig, Matthias Wagner, Pierre A. Clavien and Andreas Boss

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:11

    Content type: Original article

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  32. Magnetic resonance (MR)-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can palliate metastatic bone pain by periosteal neurolysis. We investigated the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for monitoring ...

    Authors: Sharon L. Giles, Jessica M. Winfield, David J. Collins, Ian Rivens, John Civale, Gail R. ter Haar and Nandita M. deSouza

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:10

    Content type: Original article

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  33. Modern high-performance computed tomography (CT) scanners with improved scan acquisition times now allow for routine assessment of cardiac pathologies on chest CTs, which can result in numerous incidental card...

    Authors: Nienke G. Eijsvoogel, Babs M. F. Hendriks, Hugo B. Park, Sibel Altintas, Casper Mihl, Barbora Horehledova, Bastiaan L. J. H. Kietselaer, Harry J. G. M. Crijns, Joachim E. Wildberger and Marco Das

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:9

    Content type: Methodology

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  34. We investigated the performance of optical imaging evaluating deoxyhemoglobin concentration alteration (DeHCA) in breast tissues.

    Authors: Antonella Petrillo, Orlando Catalano, Roberta Fusco, Salvatore Filice, Paolo Vallone, Sergio Setola, Vincenza Granata, Concetta Raiano, Franca Avino, Maurizio Di Bonito and Gerardo Botti

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:8

    Content type: Original article

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  35. We aimed to investigate whether different transmission settings of the dual-transmit technology may influence the amount of heat induction around an implant material dependent on its location within the magnet...

    Authors: Nadja A. Farshad-Amacker, Daniel Nanz, Arjun Thanbanbalasingam, Gustav Andreisek, Mathias Nittka and Roger Luechinger

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:7

    Content type: Technical note

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  36. Assessing the extent of ischemic and reperfusion-associated myocardial injuries remains challenging with current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. Our aim was to develop a tissue characterization ma...

    Authors: Pal Suranyi, Gabriel A. Elgavish, U. Joseph Schoepf, Balazs Ruzsics, Pal Kiss, Marly van Assen, Brian E. Jacobs, Brigitta C. Brott, Ada Elgavish and Akos Varga-Szemes

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:6

    Content type: Original article

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  37. We analysed the haemodynamics of indocyanine green (ICG) in mouse organs and tumours and evaluated responses to anti-angiogenic agents in an allograft tumour mouse model by photoacoustic imaging.

    Authors: Kenichiro Okumura, Kotaro Yoshida, Kazuaki Yoshioka, Sho Aki, Norihide Yoneda, Dai Inoue, Azusa Kitao, Takahiro Ogi, Kazuto Kozaka, Tetsuya Minami, Wataru Koda, Satoshi Kobayashi, Yoh Takuwa and Toshifumi Gabata

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:5

    Content type: Original article

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  38. Chronic airway fibrosis (CAF) is the most prevalent complication in human lung transplant recipients. The aim of the study is to evaluate magnetisation transfer (MT) as a biomarker of developing CAF of lung tr...

    Authors: David Kenkel, Yoshito Yamada, Markus Weiger, Moritz C. Wurnig, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr and Andreas Boss

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:3

    Content type: Original article

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  39. Precision and planning are key to reconstructive surgery. Augmented reality (AR) can bring the information within preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) imaging to life, allowing the surgeon to ‘se...

    Authors: Philip Pratt, Matthew Ives, Graham Lawton, Jonathan Simmons, Nasko Radev, Liana Spyropoulou and Dimitri Amiras

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:2

    Content type: Technical note

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  40. Currently, the detection of retained wood is a frequent but challenging task in emergency care. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate improved foreign-body detection with the novel approach of preclinica...

    Authors: Eva-Maria Braig, Lorenz Birnbacher, Florian Schaff, Lukas Gromann, Alexander Fingerle, Julia Herzen, Ernst Rummeny, Peter Noël, Franz Pfeiffer and Daniela Muenzel

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:1

    Content type: Original article

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  41. The new European Directive 2013/59/EURATOM requires that patients are informed about the risk associated with ionising radiation and that detailed information on patient exposure is included in the radiologica...

    Authors: Antonio C. Traino, Chiara Sottocornola, Patrizio Barca, Carolina Marini, Giacomo Aringhieri, Davide Caramella and M. Evelina Fantacci

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:28

    Content type: Original article

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  42. Our purpose was to test the within-subject (test–retest) reproducibility of the perfusion fraction, diffusion coefficient, and pseudo-diffusion coefficient measurements in various foetus organs and in the plac...

    Authors: András Jakab, Ruth Tuura, Raimund Kottke, Christian J Kellenberger and Ianina Scheer

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:26

    Content type: Original article

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  43. To assess the feasibility of dual-contrast spectral photon-counting computed tomography (SPCCT) for liver imaging.

    Authors: Daniela Muenzel, Heiner Daerr, Roland Proksa, Alexander A. Fingerle, Felix K. Kopp, Philippe Douek, Julia Herzen, Franz Pfeiffer, Ernst J. Rummeny and Peter B. Noël

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:25

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  44. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who undergo chronic haemodialysis (HD) show altered sympathetic tone, which is related to a higher cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of this study was to investig...

    Authors: Walter Noordzij, Akin Özyilmaz, Andor W. J. M. Glaudemans, René A. Tio, Esther R. Goet, Casper F. M. Franssen and Riemer H. J. A. Slart

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:24

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  45. Body weight (BW) is a relevant metric in emergency care. However, visual/physical methods to estimate BW are unreliable. We have developed a method for estimating BW based on effective mAs (mAseff) from computed ...

    Authors: Dominic Gascho, Lucia Ganzoni, Philippe Kolly, Niklaus Zoelch, Gary M. Hatch, Michael J. Thali and Thomas D. Ruder

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:23

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  46. In this study, we sought to investigate if computer-extracted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phenotypes of breast cancer could replicate human-extracted size and Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-...

    Authors: Elizabeth J. Sutton, Erich P. Huang, Karen Drukker, Elizabeth S. Burnside, Hui Li, Jose M. Net, Arvind Rao, Gary J. Whitman, Margarita Zuley, Marie Ganott, Ermelinda Bonaccio, Maryellen L. Giger and Elizabeth A. Morris

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:22

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

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