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  1. Content type: Original article

    Real-time dosimeters may create a relatively safer environment not only for the patient but also for the physician and the assistant as well. We propose the use of a real-time radiation measurement dosimeter h...

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan and Byung-Ju Yi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:38

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  2. Content type: Original article

    Structured reports have been shown to improve communication between radiologists and providers. However, some radiologists are concerned about resultant decreased workflow efficiency. We tested a machine learn...

    Authors: Adam Spandorfer, Cody Branch, Puneet Sharma, Pooyan Sahbaee, U. Joseph Schoepf, James G. Ravenel and John W. Nance

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:37

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  3. Content type: Technical note

    Computed tomography can provide high-resolution details on nasal anatomy being potentially useful for the assessment of nasal spray deposition. The purpose of this technical note was to present a method based ...

    Authors: Thomas Sartoretti, Manoj Mannil, Stefan Biendl, Johannes M. Froehlich, Hatem Alkadhi and Matthias Zadory

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:32

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  4. Content type: Original article

    To investigate whether quantitative radiomic features extracted from digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) are associated with Ki-67 expression of breast cancer.

    Authors: Alberto Stefano Tagliafico, Bianca Bignotti, Federica Rossi, Joao Matos, Massimo Calabrese, Francesca Valdora and Nehmat Houssami

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:36

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  5. Content type: Original article

    Bone strain index (BSI) is a tool measuring bone strain, derived from dual x-ray photon absorptiometry. It is able to characterise an aspect of bone quality that, joined to the quantity and quality parameters of ...

    Authors: C. Messina, L. P. Piodi, L. Rinaudo, I. Emili, F. Porro, C. Buonomenna, L. M. Sconfienza, L. Vergani and F. M. Ulivieri

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:33

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  6. Content type: Original article

    Application of an endorectal coil (ERC) for 3.0-T prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is contentious. We hypothesised that a multicoil phased-array protocol provides T2-weighted images (T2WI) and diffusi...

    Authors: Sophie Murer, Juergen Scheidler, Ulrike L. Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Helling, Michael Scherr and Ullrich G. Mueller-Lisse

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:30

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  7. Content type: Narrative review

    With this review, we aimed to provide a synopsis of recently proposed applications of machine learning (ML) in radiology focusing on prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). After defining the difference bet...

    Authors: Renato Cuocolo, Maria Brunella Cipullo, Arnaldo Stanzione, Lorenzo Ugga, Valeria Romeo, Leonardo Radice, Arturo Brunetti and Massimo Imbriaco

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:35

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  8. Content type: Original article

    Preoperative evaluation of nipple-areola complex (NAC) tumour involvement is crucial to select patients candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy. Our aim was to validate a previously developed automated method...

    Authors: Marta D’Alonzo, Laura Martincich, Agnese Fenoglio, Valentina Giannini, Lisa Cellini, Viola Liberale and Nicoletta Biglia

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:31

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  9. Content type: Original article

    Whole-heart magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) requires sophisticated methods accounting for respiratory motion. Our purpose was to evaluate the image quality of compressed sensing-based respiratory motion-r...

    Authors: Robert E. Stroud, Davide Piccini, U. Joseph Schoepf, John Heerfordt, Jérôme Yerly, Lorenzo Di Sopra, Jonathan D. Rollins, Andreas M. Fischer, Pal Suranyi and Akos Varga-Szemes

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:29

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  10. Content type: Original article

    To manage and analyse dosimetric data provided by computed tomography (CT) scanners from four Italian hospitals.

    Authors: Francesca Calderoni, Federica Campanaro, Paola Enrica Colombo, Mauro Campoleoni, Cristina De Mattia, Federica Rottoli, Giannicola Galetta, Fabio Zucconi, Andrea Pola, Andrea Righini, Fabio Triulzi, Angelo Vanzulli and Alberto Torresin

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:27

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  11. Content type: Original article

    Although x-ray dark-field imaging has been intensively investigated for lung imaging in different animal models, there is very limited data about imaging features in the human lungs. Therefore, in this work, a...

    Authors: Alexander A. Fingerle, Fabio De Marco, Jana Andrejewski, Konstantin Willer, Lukas B. Gromann, Wolfgang Noichl, Fabian Kriner, Florian Fischer, Christian Braun, Hanns-Ingo Maack, Thomas Pralow, Thomas Koehler, Peter B. Noël, Felix Meurer, Dominik Deniffel, Andreas P. Sauter…

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:25

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  12. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate patient radiation dose and procedural duration recorded during pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) embolisation performed using high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) as compared with conven...

    Authors: Emanuele Boatta, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Pierre De Marini, Mathieu Canuet, Julien Garnon, Bob Heger, Thi Mai Bernmann, Nitin Ramamurthy, Christine Jahn, Marc Lopez and Afshin Gangi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:26

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  13. Content type: Original article

    Coarctation patients before curative reconstruction are exposed to abnormal flow patterns which potentially could cause wall deterioration. This study evaluated the effect of age at correction on the pulse wav...

    Authors: Joe F. Juffermans, Ineke Nederend, Pieter J. van den Boogaard, Arend D. J. ten Harkel, Mark G. Hazekamp, Hildo J. Lamb, Arno A. W. Roest and Jos J. M. Westenberg

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:24

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  14. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate changes in perfusion computed tomography (PCT) parameters induced by treatment with conventional chemotherapy (CCT) alone or with CCT and radiation therapy (RT) in patients with non-small cell lung...

    Authors: Carmen Trinidad López, Javier De La Fuente Aguado, Roque Oca Pernas, Carlos Delgado Sánchez-Gracián, Eloisa Santos Armentia, Antonio Vaamonde Liste, Raquel Prada González and Miguel Souto Bayarri

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:23

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  15. Content type: Original article

    To determine the utility of single-contrast-bolus hepatic extracellular volume (ECV) fraction measurement at different time points to detect and quantify hepatic fibrosis.

    Authors: Julian A. Luetkens, Sabine Klein, Frank Träber, Wolfgang Block, Frederic C. Schmeel, Alois M. Sprinkart, Daniel L. R. Kuetting, Frank E. Uschner, Robert Schierwagen, Daniel Thomas, Jonel Trebicka and Guido M. Kukuk

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:22

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  16. Content type: Technical note

    We report on the feasibility of C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) parenchymal blood volume imaging (PBVI) performed immediately following transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of hepatocellular carci...

    Authors: Rory L. O’Donohoe, Richard G. Kavanagh, Alexis M. Cahalane, Diarmaid D. Houlihan, Jeffrey W. McCann and Edmund Ronan Ryan

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:21

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  17. Content type: Original article

    Vascular interventions imply radiation exposure to the operating physician (OP). To reduce radiation exposure, we propose a novel passive robotic device for fluoroscopy-guided arterial puncturing.

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan, Chang-Hwan Yoon and Byung-Ju Yi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:20

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  18. Content type: Technical note

    Grating interferometry mammography (GIM) is an experimental breast imaging method at the edge of being clinically implemented. Besides attenuation, GIM can measure the refraction and scattering of x-rays resul...

    Authors: Kristina Lång, Carolina Arboleda, Serafino Forte, Zhentian Wang, Sven Prevrhal, Thomas Koehler, Norbert Kuhn, Bernd David, Konstantins Jefimovs, Rahel A. Kubik-Huch and Marco Stampanoni

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:19

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  19. Content type: Original article

    Multiparametric positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (mpPET/MRI) shows clinical potential for detection and classification of breast lesions. Yet, the contribution of features for computer-a...

    Authors: Wolf-Dieter Vogl, Katja Pinker, Thomas H. Helbich, Hubert Bickel, Günther Grabner, Wolfgang Bogner, Stephan Gruber, Zsuzsanna Bago-Horvath, Peter Dubsky and Georg Langs

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:18

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  20. Content type: Original article

    To better understand bone fragility in type 2 diabetes mellitus and define the contribution of microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) to the evaluation of bone microarchitecture and vascularisation, we conducted an

    Authors: David Zeitoun, Guavri Caliaperoumal, Morad Bensidhoum, Jean Marc Constans, Fani Anagnostou and Valérie Bousson

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:17

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  21. Content type: Original article

    Myocardial perfusion measurement with a low-dose first-pass analysis (FPA) dynamic computed tomography (CT) perfusion technique depends upon acquisition of two whole-heart volume scans at the base and peak of ...

    Authors: Logan Hubbard, Shant Malkasian, Yixiao Zhao, Pablo Abbona and Sabee Molloi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:16

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  22. Content type: Original article

    Conventional ultrasound (US) provides important qualitative information, although there is a need to evaluate the influence of the input parameters on the output signal and standardise the acquisition for an a...

    Authors: Ángel Alberich-Bayarri, Jose Tomás-Cucarella, Alfredo Torregrosa-Lloret, Javier Sáiz Rodriguez and Luis Martí-Bonmatí

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:15

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  23. Content type: Technical note

    The visualisation of the celiac plexus using respiratory- and cardiac-triggered three-dimensional (3D) sheath inked rapid acquisition with refocused echoes imaging (SHINKEI) was evaluated. After ethical approv...

    Authors: Cyril J. Ferrer, Clemens Bos, Masami Yoneyama, Makoto Obara, Lisanne Kok, Maarten S. van Leeuwen, Ronald L. A. W. Bleys, Chrit T. W. Moonen and Lambertus W. Bartels

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:14

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  24. Content type: Original article

    To study hippocampus subfield volumes in patients after microsurgical clipping (MC) and/or endovascular coiling (EC) of intracranial aneurysms.

    Authors: Dennis M. Hedderich, Tim J. Reess, Matthias Thaler, Maria T. Berndt, Sebastian Moench, Manuel Lehm, Tiberiu Andrisan, Christian Maegerlein, Bernhard Meyer, Yu-Mi Ryang, Claus Zimmer, Maria Wostrack and Benjamin Friedrich

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:13

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  25. Content type: Original article

    In computed tomography (CT) quality assurance, alignment of image quality phantoms is crucial for quantitative and reproducible evaluation and may be improved by alignment correction. Our goal was to develop a...

    Authors: Stephan Skornitzke, Jacek Raddatz, André Bahr, Gregor Pahn, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Wolfram Stiller

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:12

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  26. Content type: Original article

    Externally controlling and monitoring drug release at a desired time and location is currently lacking in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the study was to develop a thermoresponsive wax-coated capsule a...

    Authors: Simon Matoori, Maurizio Roveri, Peter Tiefenboeck, Annatina Romagna, Olha Wuerthinger, Orpheus Kolokythas and Johannes M. Froehlich

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:11

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  27. Content type: Original article

    Four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with advanced parallel imaging have the potential to reduce scan time with equivalent image quality and accuracy compared with standard two...

    Authors: Sebastian Ebel, Lisa Hübner, Benjamin Köhler, Siegfried Kropf, Bernhard Preim, Bernd Jung, Matthias Grothoff and Matthias Gutberlet

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:10

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  28. Content type: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    Current developments showed a fast-increasing implementation and use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in medical applications. Our aim was to review the literature regarding the application of 3D printing to...

    Authors: Volkan Tuncay and Peter M. A. van Ooijen

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:9

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  29. Content type: Original article

    The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of ischemic stroke detection from computed tomography angiography source images (CTA-SI) using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks.

    Authors: Olli Öman, Teemu Mäkelä, Eero Salli, Sauli Savolainen and Marko Kangasniemi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:8

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  30. Content type: Original article

    To investigate the feasibility of compressed sensing and parallel imaging (CS-PI)-accelerated bowel motility magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare its image quality and diagnostic quality to conventi...

    Authors: C. S. de Jonge, B. F. Coolen, E. S. Peper, A. G. Motaal, C. Y. Nio, I. Somers, G. J. Strijkers, J. Stoker and A. J. Nederveen

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:7

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  31. Content type: Original article

    Quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) probes into tissue microstructure in solid tumours. In this retrospective ethically approved study, we investigated DWI as a potential non-invasive predictor of tu...

    Authors: Anna-Lydia Peschmann, Meinrad Beer, Bettina Ammann, Jens Dreyhaupt, Katharina Kneer, Ambros J. Beer, Christian Beltinger, Daniel Steinbach, Holger Cario and Henning Neubauer

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:6

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  32. Content type: Narrative review

    Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has become the standard of care to achieve accurate and reproducible diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, mpMRI is quite demanding in terms of technical rig...

    Authors: Rossano Girometti, Lorenzo Cereser, Filippo Bonato and Chiara Zuiani

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:5

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  33. Content type: Original article

    Osteoplasty has been discouraged in long bones. However, despite a substantial lack of pre-clinical biomechanical tests, multiple clinical studies have implemented a wide range of techniques to optimise long b...

    Authors: Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Guillaume Koch, Julien Garnon, Nitin Ramamurthy, Jérémie Jégu, Philippe Clavert and Afshin Gangi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:4

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  34. Content type: Original article

    Flow-diverter stents (FDSs) have revolutionised the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. However, associated dual antiplatelet treatment is mandatory. We investigated the biocompatibility of three proprietary ...

    Authors: Rosa Martínez Moreno, Pervinder Bhogal, Tim Lenz-Habijan, Catrin Bannewitz, Adnan Siddiqui, Pedro Lylyk, Ralf Hannes, Hermann Monstadt and Hans Henkes

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:3

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  35. Content type: Narrative review

    Ultrasound (US) is not only an important diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the pancreas, but is also a fundamental imaging technique to guide percutaneous interventions for several pancreatic diseases (flu...

    Authors: Mirko D’Onofrio, Alessandro Beleù and Riccardo De Robertis

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:2

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  36. Content type: Original article

    To predict conventional test forces (peak torque and pull-out force) and a new test force (implant stability quotient [ISQ] value of a spinal pedicle screw) from computed tomography (CT) parameters, including ...

    Authors: Daisuke Nakashima, Ken Ishii, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hiromasa Kawana, Masahiro Jinzaki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura and Takeo Nagura

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:1

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  37. Content type: Original article

    Image-quality assessment is a fundamental step before clinical evaluation of magnetic resonance images. The aim of this study was to introduce a visual scoring system that provides a quality control standard f...

    Authors: S. M. Fallatah, F. B. Pizzini, B. Gomez-Anson, J. Magerkurth, E. De Vita, S. Bisdas, H. R. Jäger, H. J. M. M. Mutsaerts and X. Golay

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:45

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  38. Content type: Technical note

    The prolonged, gonadotoxic effect of chemotherapy can finally lead to infertility in female cancer survivors. There is controversial evidence regarding the protective role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone ana...

    Authors: Massimo Venturini, Alice Bergamini, Laura Perani, Ana Maria Sanchez, Elena Giulia Rossi, Anna Colarieti, Micaela Petrone, Francesco De Cobelli, Alessandro Del Maschio, Paola Viganò, Giorgia Mangili, Massimo Candiani, Carlo Tacchetti and Antonio Esposito

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:44

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  39. Content type: Original article

    To evaluate changes in total choline (tCho) absolute concentration ([tCho]) in the breast of healthy fertile women in relation to menstrual cycle (MC) or use of oral contraceptives (OC).

    Authors: Giovanni Di Leo, Ileana Ioan, Maria Laura Luciani, Cecilia Midulla, Franca Podo, Francesco Sardanelli and Federica Pediconi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:43

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  40. Content type: Narrative review

    The past few years have seen a considerable rise in interest towards artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in radiology. However, in order for such systems to perform adequately, large amou...

    Authors: Daniel Pinto dos Santos and Bettina Baeßler

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:42

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  41. Content type: Original article

    The contrast agent (CA) dose for abdominal computed tomography (CT) is typically based on patient total body weight (TBW), ignoring adipose tissue distribution. We report on our experience of dosing according ...

    Authors: Moreno Zanardo, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Anastassia Esseridou, Stefania Tritella, Chiara Mattiuz, Laura Menicagli, Giovanni Di Leo and Francesco Sardanelli

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:41

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  42. Content type: Original article

    To investigate a potentially amplifying genotoxic or cytotoxic effect of different gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in combination with ultra-high-field 7-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exposure in...

    Authors: Björn Friebe, Frank Godenschweger, Mahsa Fatahi, Oliver Speck, Dirk Roggenbuck, Dirk Reinhold and Annika Reddig

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:40

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  43. Content type: Original article

    The size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) is a dose-related metrics that incorporates patient size into its calculation. It is usually derived from the volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) by applying a c...

    Authors: Siobhan O’Neill, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Niamh Moore, Michael Maher and Owen J. O’Connor

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:38

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  44. Content type: Technical note

    The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro pineapple juice and a solution of concentrated pineapple juice with a paramagnetic contrast agent in order to determine the feasibility of using the solution of c...

    Authors: Riccardo Faletti, Marco Gatti, Andrea Di Chio, Marco Fronda, Matteo Anselmino, Federico Ferraris, Fiorenzo Gaita and Paolo Fonio

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:39

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  45. Content type: Original article

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a relatively common disorder with significant associated morbidity. Sarcopenia and myosteatosis are associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study investigated o...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Michael M. Maher, Owen J. O’Connor and Emmet J. Andrews

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:37

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  46. Content type: Narrative review

    Radiomics is an emerging translational field of research aiming to extract mineable high-dimensional data from clinical images. The radiomic process can be divided into distinct steps with definable inputs and ou...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Francesca Botta, Sara Raimondi, Daniela Origgi, Cristiana Fanciullo, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti and Massimo Bellomi

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:36

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  47. Content type: Original article

    The primary aim was to compare fractional anisotropy (FA) values derived with different diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis approaches (atlas-based, streamline tractography, and combined). A secondary aim ...

    Authors: Volker Ressel, Hubertus J. A. van Hedel, Ianina Scheer and Ruth O’Gorman Tuura

    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:33

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