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  1. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in the four-chamber plane offers comprehensive insight into the volumetrics of the heart. We aimed to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) model of time-resolved segmentatio...

    Authors: Hosamadin Assadi, Samer Alabed, Rui Li, Gareth Matthews, Kavita Karunasaagarar, Bahman Kasmai, Sunil Nair, Zia Mehmood, Ciaran Grafton-Clarke, Peter P. Swoboda, Andrew J. Swift, John P. Greenwood, Vassilios S. Vassiliou, Sven Plein, Rob J. van der Geest and Pankaj Garg
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:77
  2. Clinical imaging tools to probe aggressiveness of renal masses are lacking, and T2-weighted imaging as an integral part of magnetic resonance imaging protocol only provides qualitative information. We develope...

    Authors: Ines Horvat-Menih, Hao Li, Andrew N. Priest, Shaohang Li, Andrew B. Gill, Iosif A. Mendichovszky, Susan T. Francis, Anne Y. Warren, Brent O’Carrigan, Sarah J. Welsh, James O. Jones, Antony C. P. Riddick, James N. Armitage, Thomas J. Mitchell, Grant D. Stewart and Ferdia A. Gallagher
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:76
  3. Sample size, namely the number of subjects that should be included in a study to reach the desired endpoint and statistical power, is a fundamental concept of scientific research. Indeed, sample size must be p...

    Authors: Caterina Beatrice Monti, Federico Ambrogi and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:79
  4. Computed tomography (CT) is the usual modality for diagnosing stroke, but conventional CT angiography reconstructions have limitations.

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Hui Yao, Eran Langzam, Qinglin Meng, Xiao Meng, Rob J. van der Geest, Chuncai Luo, Tengyuan Zhang, Jianyong Li, Jianmei Xiong, Weiwei Deng, Ke Chen, Yangrui Zheng, Jingping Wu, Fang Cui and Li Yang
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:78
  5. Presurgical evaluation with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can reduce postsurgical morbidity. Here, we discuss presurgical fMRI mapping at ultra-high magnetic fields (UHF), i.e., ≥ 7 T, in the light...

    Authors: Mohamed L. Seghier
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:73
  6. We compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) turbo spin-echo images reconstructed using a deep learning technique (TSE-DL) with standard turbo spin-echo (TSE-SD) images of the lumbar spine regarding image qual...

    Authors: Hui Tang, Ming Hong, Lu Yu, Yang Song, Mengqiu Cao, Lei Xiang, Yan Zhou and Shiteng Suo
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:67
  7. The potential role of cardiac computed tomography (CT) has increasingly been demonstrated for the assessment of diffuse myocardial fibrosis through the quantification of extracellular volume (ECV). Photon-coun...

    Authors: Chiara Gnasso, Daniel Pinos, U. Joseph Schoepf, Milan Vecsey-Nagy, Gilberto J. Aquino, Nicola Fink, Emese Zsarnoczay, Robert J. Holtackers, Jonathan Stock, Pal Suranyi, Akos Varga-Szemes and Tilman Emrich
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:70
  8. Radiomics is a quantitative approach that allows the extraction of mineable data from medical images. Despite the growing clinical interest, radiomics studies are affected by variability stemming from analysis...

    Authors: Chandra Bortolotto, Alessandra Pinto, Francesca Brero, Gaia Messana, Raffaella Fiamma Cabini, Ian Postuma, Agnese Robustelli Test, Giulia Maria Stella, Giulia Galli, Manuel Mariani, Silvia Figini, Alessandro Lascialfari, Andrea Riccardo Filippi, Olivia Maria Bottinelli and Lorenzo Preda
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:71
  9. New immunotherapies activate tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the osteosarcoma microenvironment. Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) are phagocytosed by TAMs and, therefore, enable TAM detection on T2*- and...

    Authors: Raheleh Roudi, Laura J. Pisani, Fabrizio Pisani, Tie Liang and Heike E. Daldrup-Link
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:74
  10. Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) is useful for detecting gouty tophi. While iodinated contrast media (ICM) might enhance the detection of monosodium urate crystals (MSU), higher iodine concentrations ham...

    Authors: Karim Khayata, Torsten Diekhoff, Jürgen Mews, Sydney Schmolke and Maximilian Kotlyarov
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:69
  11. To study the reproducibility of 23Na magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements from breast tissue in healthy volunteers.

    Authors: Otso Arponen, Mary A. McLean, Muzna Nanaa, Roido Manavaki, Gabrielle C. Baxter, Andrew B. Gill, Frank Riemer, Aneurin J. Kennerley, Ramona Woitek, Joshua D. Kaggie, William J. Brackenbury and Fiona J. Gilbert
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:75
  12. Three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF-MRA) is a largely adopted non-invasive technique for assessing cerebrovascular diseases. We aimed to optimize the 7-T TOF-MRA acquisition pr...

    Authors: Mirco Cosottini, Tommaso Calzoni, Guido Andrea Lazzarotti, Alessandro Grigolini, Paolo Bosco, Paolo Cecchi, Michela Tosetti, Laura Biagi and Graziella Donatelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:68
  13. Quantitative techniques such as T2 and T1ρ mapping allow evaluating the cartilage and meniscus. We evaluated multi-interleaved X-prepared turbo-spin echo with intuitive relaxometry (MIXTURE) sequences with tur...

    Authors: Teresa Lemainque, Nicola Pridöhl, Shuo Zhang, Marc Huppertz, Manuel Post, Can Yüksel, Masami Yoneyama, Andreas Prescher, Christiane Kuhl, Daniel Truhn and Sven Nebelung
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:66
  14. Deuterium metabolic imaging (DMI) has emerged as a promising non-invasive technique for studying metabolism in vivo. This review aims to summarize the current developments and discuss the futures in DMI technique...

    Authors: Feng Pan, Xinjie Liu, Jiayu Wan, Yusheng Guo, Peng Sun, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Jiazheng Wang, Qingjia Bao and Lian Yang
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:65
  15. Anthropogenic gadolinium (Gd), originating from Gd-based contrast agents (GBCAs) used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is widely identified in the aquatic environment with concerns about toxicity and accum...

    Authors: Soma Kumasaka, A. Adhipatria P. Kartamihardja, Yuka Kumasaka, Satomi Kameo, Hiroshi Koyama and Yoshito Tsushima
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:64
  16. Clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies often use Cartesian gradient-echo (GRE) sequences with ~2-ms echo times (TEs) to monitor apparent total sodium concentration (aTSC). We compared Cartesian GRE ...

    Authors: Teresa Gerhalter, Felix Schilling, Nour Zeitouni, Peter Linz, Pierre-Yves Baudin, Dennis Kannenkeril, Christoph Kopp, Anke Dahlmann, Roland Schmieder, Michael Uder, Armin M. Nagel and Lena V. Gast
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:61
  17. Emphysema influences the appearance of lung tissue in computed tomography (CT). We evaluated whether this affects lung nodule detection by artificial intelligence (AI) and human readers (HR).

    Authors: Nikos Sourlos, GertJan Pelgrim, Hendrik Joost Wisselink, Xiaofei Yang, Gonda de Jonge, Mieneke Rook, Mathias Prokop, Grigory Sidorenkov, Marcel van Tuinen, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart and Peter M. A. van Ooijen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:63
  18. We investigated the potential of an imaging-aware GPT-4-based chatbot in providing diagnoses based on imaging descriptions of abdominal pathologies.

    Authors: Stephan Rau, Alexander Rau, Johanna Nattenmüller, Anna Fink, Fabian Bamberg, Marco Reisert and Maximilian F. Russe
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:60
  19. This study investigates the potential of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in identifying penumbral volume (PV) compared to the standard gadolinium-required perfusion–diffusion mismatch (PDM), utilizing a stack-b...

    Authors: Duen-Pang Kuo, Yung-Chieh Chen, Yi-Tien Li, Sho-Jen Cheng, Kevin Li-Chun Hsieh, Po-Chih Kuo, Chen-Yin Ou and Cheng-Yu Chen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:59
  20. Overall quality of radiomics research has been reported as low in literature, which constitutes a major challenge to improve. Consistent, transparent, and accurate reporting is critical, which can be accomplis...

    Authors: Burak Kocak, Alessandra Borgheresi, Andrea Ponsiglione, Anna E. Andreychenko, Armando Ugo Cavallo, Arnaldo Stanzione, Fabio M. Doniselli, Federica Vernuccio, Matthaios Triantafyllou, Roberto Cannella, Romina Trotta, Samuele Ghezzo, Tugba Akinci D’Antonoli and Renato Cuocolo
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:72
  21. Chondrosarcomas are rare malignant bone tumors diagnosed by analyzing radiological images and histology of tissue biopsies and evaluating features such as matrix calcification, cortical destruction, trabecular...

    Authors: Alexandra S. Gersing, Melanie A. Kimm, Christine Bollwein, Patrick Ilg, Carolin Mogler, Felix G. Gassert, Georg C. Feuerriegel, Carolin Knebel, Klaus Woertler, Daniela Pfeiffer, Madleen Busse and Franz Pfeiffer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:58
  22. We compared computed tomography (CT) images and holograms (HG) to assess the number of arteries of the lung lobes undergoing lobectomy and assessed easiness in interpretation by radiologists and thoracic surge...

    Authors: Francesco Petrella, Stefania Maria Rita Rizzo, Cristiano Rampinelli, Monica Casiraghi, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Samuele Frassoni, Silvia Pozzi, Omar Pappalardo, Gabriella Pravettoni and Lorenzo Spaggiari
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:57
  23. Guyon’s canal syndrome is caused by compression of the ulnar nerve at the wrist, occasionally requiring decompression surgery. In recent times, minimally invasive approaches have gained popularity. The aim of ...

    Authors: Suren Jengojan, Philipp Sorgo, Gregor Kasprian, Johannes Streicher, Gerlinde Gruber, Veith Moser and Gerd Bodner
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:56
  24. We aimed to improve the image quality (IQ) of sparse-view computed tomography (CT) images using a U-Net for lung metastasis detection and determine the best tradeoff between number of views, IQ, and diagnostic...

    Authors: Annika Ries, Tina Dorosti, Johannes Thalhammer, Daniel Sasse, Andreas Sauter, Felix Meurer, Ashley Benne, Tobias Lasser, Franz Pfeiffer, Florian Schaff and Daniela Pfeiffer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:54
  25. Artificial intelligence (AI) has demonstrated great potential in a wide variety of applications in interventional radiology (IR). Support for decision-making and outcome prediction, new functions and improveme...

    Authors: Pierluigi Glielmo, Stefano Fusco, Salvatore Gitto, Giulia Zantonelli, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Luca Maria Sconfienza and Giovanni Mauri
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:62
  26. To compare denoising diffusion probabilistic models (DDPM) and generative adversarial networks (GAN) for recovering contrast-enhanced breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) subtraction images from virtual low...

    Authors: Gustav Müller-Franzes, Luisa Huck, Maike Bode, Sven Nebelung, Christiane Kuhl, Daniel Truhn and Teresa Lemainque
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:53
  27. Automatic exposure control (AEC) plays a crucial role in mammography by determining the exposure conditions needed to achieve specific image quality based on the absorption characteristics of compressed breast...

    Authors: Gisella Gennaro, Sara Del Genio, Giuseppe Manco and Francesca Caumo
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:49
  28. To investigate the potential of combining compressed sensing (CS) and artificial intelligence (AI), in particular deep learning (DL), for accelerating three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) se...

    Authors: Thomas Dratsch, Charlotte Zäske, Florian Siedek, Philip Rauen, Nils Große Hokamp, Kristina Sonnabend, David Maintz, Grischa Bratke and Andra Iuga
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:47
  29. Monitoring pyruvate metabolism in the spleen is important for assessing immune activity and achieving successful radiotherapy for cervical cancer due to the significance of the abscopal effect. We aimed to exp...

    Authors: Gigin Lin, Ching-Yi Hsieh, Ying-Chieh Lai, Chun-Chieh Wang, Yenpo Lin, Kuan-Ying Lu, Wen-Yen Chai, Albert P. Chen, Tzu-Chen Yen, Shu-Hang Ng and Chyong-Huey Lai
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:46
  30. Developing trustworthy artificial intelligence (AI) models for clinical applications requires access to clinical and imaging data cohorts. Reusing of publicly available datasets has the potential to fill this ...

    Authors: Vassilis Kilintzis, Varvara Kalokyri, Haridimos Kondylakis, Smriti Joshi, Katerina Nikiforaki, Oliver Díaz, Karim Lekadir, Manolis Tsiknakis and Kostas Marias
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:42
  31. We investigated the value of three-dimensional amide proton transfer-weighted imaging (3D-APTWI) in the diagnosis of early-stage breast cancer (BC) and its correlation with the immunohistochemical characterist...

    Authors: Yeqin Li, Yan Zhang, Liwen Tian, Ju Li, Huihua Li, Ximing Wang and Cuiyan Wang
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:41
  32. Nowadays, there is no method to quantitatively characterize the material composition of acute ischemic stroke thrombi prior to intervention, but dual-energy CT (DE-CT) offers imaging-based multimaterial decomp...

    Authors: Melina Gassenhuber, Maximilian E. Lochschmidt, Johannes Hammel, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Benno Ikenberg, Silke Wunderlich, Friederike Liesche-Starnecker, Jürgen Schlegel, Franz Pfeiffer, Marcus R. Makowski, Claus Zimmer, Isabelle Riederer and Daniela Pfeiffer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:52
  33. Heartbeat-based cross-sectional area (CSA) changes in the right main pulmonary artery (MPA), which reflects its distensibility associated with pulmonary hypertension, can be measured using dynamic ventilation ...

    Authors: Tatsuya Oki, Yukihiro Nagatani, Shota Ishida, Masayuki Hashimoto, Yasuhiko Oshio, Jun Hanaoka, Ryo Uemura and Yoshiyuki Watanabe
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:50
  34. To assess the feasibility and tissue response of using a gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-integrated silicone-covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) for local hyperthermia in a rat esophageal model.

    Authors: Jiaywei Tsauo, Yue Liu, Xiaowu Zhang, Yan Fu, He Zhao, Tao Gong, Jingui Li and Xiao Li
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:40
  35. In contrast to the brain, fibers within peripheral nerves have distinct monodirectional structure questioning the necessity of complex multidirectional gradient vector schemes for DTI. This proof-of-concept st...

    Authors: Olivia Foesleitner, Alba Sulaj, Volker Sturm, Moritz Kronlage, Fabian Preisner, Zoltan Kender, Martin Bendszus, Julia Szendroedi, Sabine Heiland and Daniel Schwarz
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:37
  36. Contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) is a promising technique. We evaluated the diagnostic potential of CEM performed immediately after contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT).

    Authors: Antonietta Ancona, Michele Telegrafo, Rita Roberta Fella, Donato Iamele, Sebastiano Cantore and Marco Moschetta
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:32
  37. To validate pulmonary computed tomography (CT) perfusion in a porcine model by invasive monitoring of cardiac output (CO) using thermodilution method.

    Authors: Diogo Silva, Thomas Muders, Karin Wodack, Christian Putensen, Steffen Leonhardt, Robert Siepmann, Benjamin Hentze and Sebastian Reinartz
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:51
  38. We investigated the tumor suppression effect of an ultrasound-sensitive doxorubicin-loaded liposome-based nanoparticle, IMP301, to enhance the synergistic effect with focused ultrasound (FUS) in an animal mode...

    Authors: Soojin Kim, Jae Young Lee, Eun-Joo Park, Yun Deok Ahn, Yuri Cheon, Wonchul Sim and Hak Jong Lee
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:39
  39. Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-corrected diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) potentially enhances return-to-play (RTP) prediction after hamstring injuries. However, the long scan times hamper clinical implemen...

    Authors: Susanne S. Rauh, Jozef J. M. Suskens, Jithsa R. Monte, Frank Smithuis, Oliver J. Gurney-Champion, Johannes L. Tol, Mario Maas, Aart J. Nederveen, Gustav J. Strijkers and Melissa T. Hooijmans
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:38
  40. Authors: Rafael Heiss, Marc-André Weber, Eva L. Balbach, Maximilian Hinsen, Frederik Geissler, Armin M. Nagel, Mark E. Ladd, Andreas Arkudas, Raymund E. Horch, Christine Gall, Michael Uder and Frank W. Roemer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:48

    The original article was published in European Radiology Experimental 2023 7:80

  41. Accurate assessment of breast implants is important for appropriate clinical management. We evaluated silicone properties and diagnostic accuracy for characterizing silicone implants and detecting degenerative...

    Authors: Claudia Neubauer, Oliver Gebler, Caroline Wilpert, Maxim Scherwitz, Niklas Efinger, Fabian Bamberg, Marisa Windfuhr-Blum and Jakob Neubauer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:36
  42. To compare image quality, metal artifacts, and diagnostic confidence of conventional computed tomography (CT) images of unilateral total hip arthroplasty patients (THA) with deep learning-based metal artifact ...

    Authors: Mark Selles, Ruud H. H. Wellenberg, Derk J. Slotman, Ingrid M. Nijholt, Jochen A. C. van Osch, Kees F. van Dijke, Mario Maas and Martijn F. Boomsma
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:31
  43. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) quantifies blood flow and velocity noninvasively. Challenges arise in neurovascular disorders due to small vessels. We evaluated the impact of voxel size, num...

    Authors: Maria Correia de Verdier, Johan Berglund and Johan Wikström
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:45
  44. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of deuterated glucose, termed deuterium metabolic imaging (DMI), is emerging as a biomarker of pathway-specific glucose metabolism in tumors. DMI is being studied as a useful ma...

    Authors: Nikolaj Bøgh, Michael Vaeggemose, Rolf F. Schulte, Esben S S Hansen and Christoffer Laustsen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:44
  45. This study evaluated a deep learning (DL) algorithm for detecting vessel steno-occlusions in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It utilised a private dataset, which was acquired and annotated by ...

    Authors: Tri-Thien Nguyen, Lukas Folle and Thomas Bayer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:30
  46. Multi-b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with different postprocessing models allows for evaluating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) proliferation, spatial heterogeneity, and feasibility of treatment strategi...

    Authors: Ran Guo, Fang Lu, Jiang Lin, Caixia Fu, Mengxiao Liu and Shuohui Yang
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:43
  47. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comprises 75 to 85% of all primary liver cancers. Current guidelines recommend a biannual HCC surveillance using ultrasound (US) for high-risk patients. However, due to its low s...

    Authors: Céline van de Braak, François E. J. A. Willemssen, Rob A. de Man, Aad van der Lugt, Carin A. Uyl-de Groot, Daniel Bos and Roy S. Dwarkasing
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:29
  48. To evaluate the clinical usefulness of thin-slice echo-planar imaging (EPI)-based diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with an on-console distortion correction technique, termed reverse encoding distortion correction

    Authors: Shuichi Ito, Sachi Okuchi, Yasutaka Fushimi, Sayo Otani, Krishna Pandu Wicaksono, Akihiko Sakata, Kanae Kawai Miyake, Hitomi Numamoto, Satoshi Nakajima, Hiroshi Tagawa, Masahiro Tanji, Noritaka Sano, Hiroki Kondo, Rimika Imai, Tsuneo Saga, Koji Fujimoto…
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:28
  49. Tumour hypoxia is a recognised cause of radiotherapy treatment resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Current positron emission tomography-based hypoxia imaging techniques are not routine...

    Authors: Alastair McCabe, Stewart Martin, Selene Rowe, Jagrit Shah, Paul S. Morgan, Damian Borys and Rafal Panek
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2024 8:27

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