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  1. The in situ classification of bullets is of interest in forensic investigations when the bullet cannot be removed. Although computed tomography (CT) is usually performed on shooting victims, visual assessment, or...

    Authors: Dominic Gascho, Niklaus Zoelch, Henning Richter, Alexander Buehlmann, Philipp Wyss, Michael J. Thali and Sarah Schaerli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:43
  2. Time-resolved three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography (4D-DSA) can be used to quantify blood velocity. Contrast pulsatility, a major discriminant on 4D-DSA, is yet to be optimized. We investigated th...

    Authors: Ece Meram, Gabe Shaughnessy, Colin Longhurst, Carson Hoffman, Martin Wagner, Charles A. Mistretta, Michael A. Speidel and Paul F. Laeseke
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:37
  3. Computed tomography (CT) enables quantification of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, helping in outcome prediction.

    Authors: João Matos, Francesco Paparo, Ilaria Mussetto, Lorenzo Bacigalupo, Alessio Veneziano, Silvia Perugin Bernardi, Ennio Biscaldi, Enrico Melani, Giancarlo Antonucci, Paolo Cremonesi, Marco Lattuada, Alberto Pilotto, Emanuele Pontali and Gian Andrea Rollandi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:39
  4. This review provides an overview of the currently available computed tomography (CT) techniques for myocardial tissue characterization in ischemic heart disease, including CT perfusion and late iodine enhancem...

    Authors: M. van Assen, M. Vonder, G. J. Pelgrim, P. L. Von Knebel Doeberitz and R. Vliegenthart
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:36
  5. We assessed confidence in visualization of markers within metastatic axillary lymph nodes (LNs) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which were placed post-ultrasound (US)-guided biopsy.

    Authors: Naziya Samreen, Asha A. Bhatt, Kalie Adler, Shannon Zingula and Katrina N. Glazebrook
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:34

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:53

  6. We investigated the composition of the gluteal (gluteus maximus, medius, and minimus) and quadriceps (rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, medialis, and intermedius) muscle groups and its associations with femora...

    Authors: Michael Dieckmeyer, Florian Zoffl, Lioba Grundl, Stephanie Inhuber, Sarah Schlaeger, Egon Burian, Claus Zimmer, Jan S. Kirschke, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Thomas Baum and Nico Sollmann
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:35
  7. Calvaria skin has a reduced thickness, and its initial damage produced by irradiation was scarcely reported. We aimed to identify the initial effects of x-ray irradiation in the rat calvaria skin.

    Authors: Matheus da Silva Santin, José Koehler, Danilo Massuia Rocha, Camila Audrey dos Reis, Nadia Fayez Omar, Yasmin Fidler, Maria Albertina de Miranda Soares and José Rosa Gomes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:32
  8. Skeletal muscle injury characterisation during healing supports trauma prognosis. Given the potential interest of computed tomography (CT) in muscle diseases and lack of in vivo CT methodology to image skeletal m...

    Authors: Bruno Paun, Daniel García Leon, Alex Claveria Cabello, Roso Mares Pages, Elena de la Calle Vargas, Paola Contreras Muñoz, Vanessa Venegas Garcia, Joan Castell-Conesa, Mario Marotta Baleriola and Jose Raul Herance Camacho
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:33

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:69

  9. Compared to histology-based methods, imaging can reduce animal usage in preclinical studies. However, availability of dedicated scanners is limited. We evaluated clinical computed tomography (CT) and magnetic ...

    Authors: Judith E. Spiro, Miriam Rinneburger, Dennis M. Hedderich, Mladen Jokic, Hans Christian Reinhardt, David Maintz, Moritz Palmowski and Thorsten Persigehl
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:31
  10. Microspheres loaded with radioactive 166Ho (166Ho-MS) are novel particles for radioembolisation and intratumoural treatment. Because of the limited penetration of β radiation, quantitative imaging of microsphere ...

    Authors: R. C. Bakker, R. Bastiaannet, S. A. van Nimwegen, A. D. Barten-van Rijbroek, R. J. J. Van Es, A. J. W. P. Rosenberg, H. W. A. M. de Jong, M. G. E. H. Lam and J. F. W. Nijsen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:29
  11. The inverse Laplace transform (ILT) is the most widely used method for T2 relaxometry data analysis. This study examines the qualitative agreement of ILT and a proposed multiexponential (Mexp method) regarding...

    Authors: Georgios S. Ioannidis, Katerina Nikiforaki, Georgios Kalaitzakis, Apostolos Karantanas, Kostas Marias and Thomas G. Maris
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:28
  12. Machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) systems, currently employed in medical image analysis, are data-driven models often considered as black boxes. However, improved transparency is needed to translate au...

    Authors: Giuseppe Baselli, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:30
  13. Assessment of nigrostriatal degeneration is a key element to discriminate between dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer disease (AD), and it is often evaluated using ioflupane (123I-FP-CIT) single-photon ...

    Authors: Matteo Pardini, Flavio Nobili, Dario Arnaldi, Silvia Morbelli, Matteo Bauckneht, Roberto Rissotto, Carlo Serrati, Gianluca Serafini, Caterina Lapucci, Lucio Ghio, Mario Amore, Davide Massucco, Davide Sassos, Laura Bonzano, Giovanni Luigi Mancardi and Luca Roccatagliata
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:27
  14. Automatically detecting and quantifying pneumothorax on chest computed tomography (CT) may impact clinical decision-making. Machine learning methods published so far struggle with the heterogeneity of technica...

    Authors: Sebastian Röhrich, Thomas Schlegl, Constanze Bardach, Helmut Prosch and Georg Langs
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:26
  15. Timely diagnosis of cardiac iron overload is important for children with transfusion-dependent anaemias and requires modern measure methods. Nowadays, myocardial iron quantification is performed by magnetic re...

    Authors: E. E. Nazarova, G. V. Tereshchenko, D. A. Kupriyanov, N. S. Smetanina and G. A. Novichkova
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:25
  16. Uncorrected patient or prostate motion may impair targeting prostate areas during fusion image-guided procedures. We evaluated if a prototype “tracked Foley catheter” (TFC) could maintain fusion image alignmen...

    Authors: Graham R. Hale, Filippo Pesapane, Sheng Xu, Ivane Bakhutashvili, Neil Glossop, Baris Turkbey, Peter A. Pinto and Bradford J. Wood
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:24
  17. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can provide quantitative (bone mineral density, BMD) and qualitative (trabecular bone score, TBS) indexes of bone status, able to predict fragility fractures in most oste...

    Authors: Fabio Massimo Ulivieri, Luca Petruccio Piodi, Luca Rinaudo, Paolo Scanagatta and Bruno Mario Cesana
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:23
  18. To evaluate whether machine learning algorithms allow the prediction of Child-Pugh classification on clinical multiphase computed tomography (CT).

    Authors: Johannes Thüring, Oliver Rippel, Christoph Haarburger, Dorit Merhof, Philipp Schad, Philipp Bruners, Christiane K. Kuhl and Daniel Truhn
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:20
  19. PRIMAGE is one of the largest and more ambitious research projects dealing with medical imaging, artificial intelligence and cancer treatment in children. It is a 4-year European Commission-financed project th...

    Authors: Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Ángel Alberich-Bayarri, Ruth Ladenstein, Ignacio Blanquer, J. Damian Segrelles, Leonor Cerdá-Alberich, Polyxeni Gkontra, Barbara Hero, J. M. García-Aznar, Daniel Keim, Wolfgang Jentner, Karine Seymour, Ana Jiménez-Pastor, Ismael González-Valverde, Blanca Martínez de las Heras, Samira Essiaf…
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:22
  20. Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is pivotal for evaluating chronic myocardial infarction (CMI). Concerns about safety of gadolinium-based contrast agents favour dose reduction. We assessed im...

    Authors: Caterina Beatrice Monti, Marina Codari, Andrea Cozzi, Marco Alì, Lorenzo Saggiante, Francesco Sardanelli and Francesco Secchi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:21
  21. Congenital vascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in paediatric age. Despite the importance of paediatric haemodynamics, large investigations have been devoted to the evaluation of circulation ...

    Authors: Parvin Mohammadyari, Giacomo Gadda, Angelo Taibi and Josep Munuera del Cerro
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:16
  22. Here, we summarise the unresolved debate about p value and its dichotomisation. We present the statement of the American Statistical Association against the misuse of statistical significance as well as the propo...

    Authors: Giovanni Di Leo and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:18
  23. The Monro-Kellie hypothesis (MKH) states that volume changes in any intracranial component (blood, brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid) should be counterbalanced by a co-occurring opposite change to maintain int...

    Authors: Lisa A. van der Kleij, Jill B. De Vis, Jeroen de Bresser, Jeroen Hendrikse and Jeroen C. W. Siero
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:17
  24. We aimed at reviewing design and realisation of perfusion/flow phantoms for validating quantitative perfusion imaging (PI) applications to encourage best practices.

    Authors: Marije E. Kamphuis, Marcel J. W. Greuter, Riemer H. J. A. Slart and Cornelis H. Slump
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:15
  25. Radiation dose in computed tomography (CT) has become a topic of high interest due to the increasing numbers of CT examinations performed worldwide. Hence, dose tracking and organ dose calculation software are...

    Authors: Cristina De Mattia, Federica Campanaro, Federica Rottoli, Paola Enrica Colombo, Andrea Pola, Angelo Vanzulli and Alberto Torresin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:14
  26. Our aim was to compare women’s experience with automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) versus breast hand-held ultrasound (HHUS) and to evaluate their acceptance rate.

    Authors: Ilaria Mussetto, Licia Gristina, Simone Schiaffino, Simona Tosto, Edoardo Raviola and Massimo Calabrese
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:12
  27. Radiomics, artificial intelligence, and deep learning figure amongst recent buzzwords in current medical imaging research and technological development. Analysis of medical big data in assessment and follow-up...

    Authors: Roberto Gatta, Adrien Depeursinge, Osman Ratib, Olivier Michielin and Antoine Leimgruber
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:11
  28. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has shown great value in rectal cancer imaging. However, traditional DWI with echo-planar imaging (DW-EPI) often suffers from geometrical distortions. We applied a three-dimens...

    Authors: Qinwei Zhang, Petra J. van Houdt, Doenja M. J. Lambregts, Baukelien van Triest, Marnix P. M. Kop, Bram F. Coolen, Gustav J. Strijkers, Uulke A. van der Heide and Aart J. Nederveen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:9
  29. To investigate the potential of semiquantitative time-intensity curve parameters compared to textural radiomic features on arterial phase images by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI...

    Authors: Roberta Fusco, Vincenza Granata, Francesca Maio, Mario Sansone and Antonella Petrillo
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:8
  30. Ultrasound (US) images are currently displayed on monitors, and their understanding needs good orientation skills. Direct overlay of US images onto the according anatomy is possible with augmented reality (AR)...

    Authors: Nadja A. Farshad-Amacker, Till Bay, Andrea B. Rosskopf, José M. Spirig, Florian Wanivenhaus, Christian W. A. Pfirrmann and Mazda Farshad
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:7
  31. Bone age (BA) assessment performed by artificial intelligence (AI) is of growing interest due to improved accuracy, precision and time efficiency in daily routine. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...

    Authors: Christian Booz, Ibrahim Yel, Julian L. Wichmann, Sabine Boettger, Ahmed Al Kamali, Moritz H. Albrecht, Simon S. Martin, Lukas Lenga, Nicole A. Huizinga, Tommaso D’Angelo, Marco Cavallaro, Thomas J. Vogl and Boris Bodelle
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:6
  32. Differentiate malignant from benign enhancing foci on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) through radiomic signature.

    Authors: Natascha C. D’Amico, Enzo Grossi, Giovanni Valbusa, Francesca Rigiroli, Bernardo Colombo, Massimo Buscema, Deborah Fazzini, Marco Ali, Ala Malasevschi, Gianpaolo Cornalba and Sergio Papa
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:5
  33. To reveal trends in bone microarchitectural parameters with increasing spatial resolution on ultra-high-resolution computed tomography (UHRCT) in vivo and to compare its performance with that of conventional-reso...

    Authors: Ryota Inai, Ryuichi Nakahara, Yusuke Morimitsu, Noriaki Akagi, Youhei Marukawa, Toshi Matsushita, Takashi Tanaka, Akihiro Tada, Takao Hiraki, Yoshihisa Nasu, Keiichiro Nishida, Toshifumi Ozaki and Susumu Kanazawa
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:4
  34. To examine in vitro acoustic property of nonalcoholic fatty disease in mouse and human liver to identify nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

    Authors: Hitoshi Maruyama, Kazufumi Kobayashi, Soichiro Kiyono, Tetsuhiro Chiba, Naoya Kato, Masayuki Ohtsuka, Kazuyo Ito, Tadashi Yamaguchi and Shuichiro Shiina
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:3
  35. A wide range of cancer immunotherapy approaches has been developed including non-specific immune-stimulants such as cytokines, cancer vaccines, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), and adoptive T cell therapy....

    Authors: Clarisse Dromain, Catherine Beigelman, Chiara Pozzessere, Rafael Duran and Antonia Digklia
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:2
  36. Abdominal recurrences of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after surgery might represent a challenge for treatment, often requiring difficult surgeries or anticipated systemic therapy. Our aim is to illustrate a nove...

    Authors: Federica Ferrari, Giovanni Mauri, Luca Nicosia, Gianluca Maria Varano, Guido Bonomo and Franco Orsi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2020 4:1
  37. After publication of this article [1], it is noticed it contained some errors in the Methods section.

    Authors: Stephanie Inhuber, Nico Sollmann, Sarah Schlaeger, Michael Dieckmeyer, Egon Burian, Caroline Kohlmeyer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Jan S. Kirschke, Thomas Baum, Florian Kreuzpointner and Ansgar Schwirtz
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:50

    The original article was published in European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:45

  38. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) guidelines recommend ultrasound screening in high-risk patients. However, in some patients, ultrasound image quality is suboptimal due to factors such as hepatic steatosis, cirrh...

    Authors: Michael Vinchill Chan, Stephen J. McDonald, Yang-Yi Ong, Katerina Mastrocostas, Edwin Ho, Ya Ruth Huo, Cositha Santhakumar, Alice Unah Lee and Jessica Yang
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:49
  39. Flow diverters (FDs) are widely used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, but the required medication increases the risk of haemorrhagic complications and limits their use in the acute setting. Surface ...

    Authors: Tim Lenz-Habijan, Pervinder Bhogal, Catrin Bannewitz, Ralf Hannes, Hermann Monstadt, Andreas Simgen, Ruben Mühl-Benninghaus, Wolfgang Reith and Hans Henkes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:47
  40. We investigated the influence of dose, spectral separation, pitch, rotation time, and reconstruction kernel on accuracy and image noise of virtual non-calcium images using a bone marrow phantom.

    Authors: Felix C. Müller, Henrik Børgesen, Kasper Gosvig, Anders Rodell, Christian Booz, Bernhard Schmidt, Bernhard Krauss and Mikael Boesen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:46
  41. Assessment of the thigh muscle fat composition using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide surrogate markers in subjects suffering from various musculoskeletal disorders including knee osteoarthritis or...

    Authors: Stephanie Inhuber, Nico Sollmann, Sarah Schlaeger, Michael Dieckmeyer, Egon Burian, Caroline Kohlmeyer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Jan S. Kirschke, Thomas Baum, Florian Kreuzpointner and Ansgar Schwirtz
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:45

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:50

  42. Our aims were to determine if features derived from texture analysis (TA) can distinguish normal, benign, and malignant tissue on automated breast ultrasound (ABUS); to evaluate whether machine learning (ML) a...

    Authors: Magda Marcon, Alexander Ciritsis, Cristina Rossi, Anton S. Becker, Nicole Berger, Moritz C. Wurnig, Matthias W. Wagner, Thomas Frauenfelder and Andreas Boss
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:44
  43. Segmentation of computed tomography (CT) images provides quantitative data on body tissue composition, which may greatly impact the development and progression of diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and ...

    Authors: Lisa Jannicke Kjønigsen, Magnus Harneshaug, Ann-Monica Fløtten, Lena Korsmo Karterud, Kent Petterson, Grethe Skjolde, Heidi B. Eggesbø, Harald Weedon-Fekjær, Hege Berg Henriksen and Peter M. Lauritzen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:42
  44. Liver alignment between series/exams is challenged by dynamic morphology or variability in patient positioning or motion. Image registration can improve image interpretation and lesion co-localization. We asse...

    Authors: Kyle A. Hasenstab, Guilherme Moura Cunha, Atsushi Higaki, Shintaro Ichikawa, Kang Wang, Timo Delgado, Ryan L. Brunsing, Alexandra Schlein, Leornado Kayat Bittencourt, Armin Schwartzman, Katie J. Fowler, Albert Hsiao and Claude B. Sirlin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:43
  45. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in large animals is cumbersome for various reasons, including ethical considerations, costs of housing and maintenance, and need for anaesthesia. Our primary purpose wa...

    Authors: Eva S. Peper, Alberto M. Leopaldi, Sjoerd van Tuijl, Bram F. Coolen, Gustav J. Strijkers, Jan Baan Jr, R. Nils Planken, Arend de Weger, Aart J. Nederveen, Henk A. Marquering and Pim van Ooij
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:40
  46. To develop a supervised machine learning (ML) algorithm predicting above- versus below-median overall survival (OS) from diffusion-weighted imaging-derived radiomic features in patients with pancreatic ductal ade...

    Authors: Georgios Kaissis, Sebastian Ziegelmayer, Fabian Lohöfer, Hana Algül, Matthias Eiber, Wilko Weichert, Roland Schmid, Helmut Friess, Ernst Rummeny, Donna Ankerst, Jens Siveke and Rickmer Braren
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:41
  47. Real-time dosimeters may create a relatively safer environment not only for the patient but also for the physician and the assistant as well. We propose the use of a real-time radiation measurement dosimeter h...

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan and Byung-Ju Yi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:38

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