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  1. Radiomics is an emerging translational field of research aiming to extract mineable high-dimensional data from clinical images. The radiomic process can be divided into distinct steps with definable inputs and ou...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Francesca Botta, Sara Raimondi, Daniela Origgi, Cristiana Fanciullo, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti and Massimo Bellomi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:36
  2. The primary aim was to compare fractional anisotropy (FA) values derived with different diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis approaches (atlas-based, streamline tractography, and combined). A secondary aim ...

    Authors: Volker Ressel, Hubertus J. A. van Hedel, Ianina Scheer and Ruth O’Gorman Tuura
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:33
  3. Proton-density fat fraction (PDFF) of the paraspinal muscles, derived from chemical shift encoding-based water-fat magnetic resonance imaging, has emerged as an important surrogate biomarker in individuals wit...

    Authors: Thomas Baum, Cristian Lorenz, Christian Buerger, Friedemann Freitag, Michael Dieckmeyer, Holger Eggers, Claus Zimmer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos and Jan S. Kirschke
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:32
  4. Computed tomography (CT) emphysema quantification is affected by both radiation dose (i.e. image noise) and reconstruction technique. At reduced dose, filtered back projection (FBP) results in an overestimation o...

    Authors: Annemarie M. den Harder, Erwin de Boer, Suzanne J. Lagerweij, Martijn F. Boomsma, Arnold M. R. Schilham, Martin J. Willemink, Julien Milles, Tim Leiner, Ricardo P. J. Budde and Pim A. de Jong
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:30
  5. Deep learning is a ground-breaking technology that is revolutionising many research and industrial fields. Generative models are recently gaining interest. Here, we investigate their potential, namely conditio...

    Authors: Fabio Galbusera, Tito Bassani, Gloria Casaroli, Salvatore Gitto, Edoardo Zanchetta, Francesco Costa and Luca Maria Sconfienza
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:29
  6. One of the most promising areas of health innovation is the application of artificial intelligence (AI), primarily in medical imaging. This article provides basic definitions of terms such as “machine/deep lea...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:35
  7. Image-guided elastoplasty is an innovative method for percutaneous vertebral augmentation with a silicone elastomeric material. Our aim was to evaluate its technical success, safety and efficacy as well as the...

    Authors: Giovanni Mauri, Luca Nicosia, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Gianluca Maria Varano, Paolo Della Vigna, Guido Bonomo, Franco Orsi and Giovanni Carlo Anselmetti
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:31
  8. To evaluate the feasibility of multicolour quantitative imaging with spectral photon-counting computed tomography (SPCCT) of different mixed contrast agents.

    Authors: Salim Si-Mohamed, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Valérie Tatard-Leitman, David P. Cormode, Pratap C. Naha, Philippe Coulon, Lucie Rascle, Ewald Roessl, Michal Rokni, Ami Altman, Yoad Yagil, Loic Boussel and Philippe Douek
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:34
  9. To evaluate residual endoleak and thrombus organisation with shear wave imaging (SWI) after endoleak embolisation through an animal study.

    Authors: Antony Bertrand-Grenier, Fatemeh Zehtabi, Sophie Lerouge, Husain Alturkistani, Claude Kauffmann, Paule Bodson-Clermont, Igor Salazkin, Hélène Héon, Guy Cloutier and Gilles Soulez
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:28
  10. To explore the possibility of creating three-dimensional (3D) estimation models for patient-specific wall thickness (WT) maps using patient-specific and cohort-averaged WT, wall shear stress (WSS), and vessel ...

    Authors: Pim van Ooij, Merih Cibis, Ethan M. Rowland, Meike W. Vernooij, Aad van der Lugt, Peter D. Weinberg, Jolanda J. Wentzel and Aart J. Nederveen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:27
  11. The aim was to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to dynamically assess postprandial changes in hepatic and collateral blood flow, liver perfusion and oxygenation in healthy participants and patients with li...

    Authors: Eleanor F. Cox, Naaventhan Palaniyappan, Guruprasad P. Aithal, Indra N. Guha and Susan T. Francis
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:26
  12. Estimated intracranial volume (eTIV) from FreeSurfer is not segmentation-based but calculated from the alignment of the input magnetic resonance (MR) images to the MNI305 brain atlas, an approach that could le...

    Authors: Niklas Klasson, Erik Olsson, Carl Eckerström, Helge Malmgren and Anders Wallin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:24
  13. Although splenectomy is considered the preferred treatment for hypersplenism, intraoperative blood loss remains a common occurrence. We prospectively compared the perioperative and clinical outcome of splenic ...

    Authors: Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Ahmed Raafat, Tamer Rushdy and Walid A. Mawla
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:23
  14. To present and evaluate a new respiratory level biofeedback system that aids the patient to return to a consistent breath-hold level with potential application in image-guided interventions.

    Authors: W. J. Heerink, M. D. Dorrius, H. J. M. Groen, P. M. A. Van Ooijen, R. Vliegenthart and M. Oudkerk
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:22
  15. X-ray and particle radiation therapy planning requires accurate estimation of local electron density within the patient body to calculate dose delivery to tumour regions. We evaluate the feasibility and accura...

    Authors: Kai Mei, Sebastian Ehn, Markus Oechsner, Felix K. Kopp, Daniela Pfeiffer, Alexander A. Fingerle, Franz Pfeiffer, Stephanie E. Combs, Jan J. Wilkens, Ernst J. Rummeny and Peter B. Noël
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:20
  16. Iodine-containing contrast media (ICM) are extensively used to improve image quality and information content in x-ray-based examinations, particularly in computed tomography (CT). In parallel, there is increas...

    Authors: Mélanie L. Ferlazzo, Clement Devic, Adeline Granzotto, Anne-Marie Charvet, Franck Pilleul, Catherine Colin, Marie-Claude Biston, Aurélie Joubert, Michel Bourguignon and Nicolas Foray
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:21
  17. We compared different surgical techniques for nerve regeneration in a rabbit sciatic nerve gap model using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), electrophysiology, limb function, and histology.

    Authors: Tina Jeon, Emil S. Vutescu, Eliana B. Saltzman, Jordan C. Villa, Scott W. Wolfe, Steve K. Lee, Joseph H. Feinberg, Sarah L. Pownder, Jonathan P. Dyke and Darryl B. Sneag
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:19
  18. To assess the feasibility of a novel system that uses augmented reality to guide interventional oncology procedures.

    Authors: Marco Solbiati, Katia M. Passera, Alessandro Rotilio, Francesco Oliva, Ilaria Marre, S. Nahum Goldberg, Tiziana Ierace and Luigi Solbiati
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:18
  19. Stents are commonly used to treat aortic coarctation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the post-implantation computed tomography (CT) image quality of different stent types used to treat aortic coar...

    Authors: Sara Boccalini, Annemarie M. den Harder, Maarten Witsenburg, Johannes P. J. M. Breur, Gabriel P. Krestin, Ingrid M. van Beynum, Mohamed Attrach, Nicola Stagnaro, Maurizio Marasini, Pim A. de Jong, Tim Leiner and Ricardo P. J. Budde
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:17
  20. Trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) has shown a significant overall survival benefit in patients with heavily pre-treated metastatic colorectal cancer. However, predicting treatment response and toxicity in indiv...

    Authors: Sophie A. Kurk, Bart R. Steensma, Anne M. May, Miriam Koopman, Hans M. Hoogduin, Tijl A. van der Velden, Dennis W. J. Klomp and Wybe J. M. van der Kemp
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:16
  21. The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the diagnostic performance of integrated positron emission tomography (PET) /dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) imaging in determining the thoracic nodal...

    Authors: Carlo N. De Cecco, Philip Burchett, Marly van Assen, James Ravenel, Samuel Lewis Cooper, Hong Li, Marques L. Bradshaw, William J. Rieter, U. Joseph Schoepf and Leonie Gordon
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:15
  22. During mammography, the thyroid is exposed to scattered radiation from breast tissue and the device. This may increase the risk of radiation induced thyroid cancer.

    Authors: Miriam Pyka, Patrik Eschle, Christian Sommer, Mathias S. Weyland, Rahel Kubik and Stephan Scheidegger
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:14
  23. Spinal cord atrophy is one of the hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); however, it is not routinely assessed in routine clinical practice. In the present study, we evaluated whether spinal cord cr...

    Authors: Niccolò Piaggio, Matteo Pardini, Luca Roccatagliata, Carlo Scialò, Corrado Cabona, Laura Bonzano, Matilde Inglese, Giovanni L. Mancardi and Claudia Caponnetto
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:13
  24. The aim of our study was to evaluate the potential and the limitations of standard clinical imaging modalities for the examination of ancient Egyptian canopic jars and the mummified visceral organs (putatively...

    Authors: Patrick E. Eppenberger, Mislav Cavka, Michael E. Habicht, Francesco M. Galassi and Frank Rühli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:12
  25. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any texture features show a correlation with intrahepatic tumor growth before the metastasis is visible to the human eye.

    Authors: Anton S. Becker, Marcel A. Schneider, Moritz C. Wurnig, Matthias Wagner, Pierre A. Clavien and Andreas Boss
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:11
  26. Magnetic resonance (MR)-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can palliate metastatic bone pain by periosteal neurolysis. We investigated the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for monitoring ...

    Authors: Sharon L. Giles, Jessica M. Winfield, David J. Collins, Ian Rivens, John Civale, Gail R. ter Haar and Nandita M. deSouza
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:10
  27. Modern high-performance computed tomography (CT) scanners with improved scan acquisition times now allow for routine assessment of cardiac pathologies on chest CTs, which can result in numerous incidental card...

    Authors: Nienke G. Eijsvoogel, Babs M. F. Hendriks, Hugo B. Park, Sibel Altintas, Casper Mihl, Barbora Horehledova, Bastiaan L. J. H. Kietselaer, Harry J. G. M. Crijns, Joachim E. Wildberger and Marco Das
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:9
  28. We investigated the performance of optical imaging evaluating deoxyhemoglobin concentration alteration (DeHCA) in breast tissues.

    Authors: Antonella Petrillo, Orlando Catalano, Roberta Fusco, Salvatore Filice, Paolo Vallone, Sergio Setola, Vincenza Granata, Concetta Raiano, Franca Avino, Maurizio Di Bonito and Gerardo Botti
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:8
  29. We aimed to investigate whether different transmission settings of the dual-transmit technology may influence the amount of heat induction around an implant material dependent on its location within the magnet...

    Authors: Nadja A. Farshad-Amacker, Daniel Nanz, Arjun Thanbanbalasingam, Gustav Andreisek, Mathias Nittka and Roger Luechinger
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:7
  30. Assessing the extent of ischemic and reperfusion-associated myocardial injuries remains challenging with current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. Our aim was to develop a tissue characterization ma...

    Authors: Pal Suranyi, Gabriel A. Elgavish, U. Joseph Schoepf, Balazs Ruzsics, Pal Kiss, Marly van Assen, Brian E. Jacobs, Brigitta C. Brott, Ada Elgavish and Akos Varga-Szemes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:6
  31. We analysed the haemodynamics of indocyanine green (ICG) in mouse organs and tumours and evaluated responses to anti-angiogenic agents in an allograft tumour mouse model by photoacoustic imaging.

    Authors: Kenichiro Okumura, Kotaro Yoshida, Kazuaki Yoshioka, Sho Aki, Norihide Yoneda, Dai Inoue, Azusa Kitao, Takahiro Ogi, Kazuto Kozaka, Tetsuya Minami, Wataru Koda, Satoshi Kobayashi, Yoh Takuwa and Toshifumi Gabata
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:5
  32. Chronic airway fibrosis (CAF) is the most prevalent complication in human lung transplant recipients. The aim of the study is to evaluate magnetisation transfer (MT) as a biomarker of developing CAF of lung tr...

    Authors: David Kenkel, Yoshito Yamada, Markus Weiger, Moritz C. Wurnig, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr and Andreas Boss
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:3
  33. Precision and planning are key to reconstructive surgery. Augmented reality (AR) can bring the information within preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) imaging to life, allowing the surgeon to ‘se...

    Authors: Philip Pratt, Matthew Ives, Graham Lawton, Jonathan Simmons, Nasko Radev, Liana Spyropoulou and Dimitri Amiras
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:2
  34. Currently, the detection of retained wood is a frequent but challenging task in emergency care. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate improved foreign-body detection with the novel approach of preclinica...

    Authors: Eva-Maria Braig, Lorenz Birnbacher, Florian Schaff, Lukas Gromann, Alexander Fingerle, Julia Herzen, Ernst Rummeny, Peter Noël, Franz Pfeiffer and Daniela Muenzel
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:1
  35. The new European Directive 2013/59/EURATOM requires that patients are informed about the risk associated with ionising radiation and that detailed information on patient exposure is included in the radiologica...

    Authors: Antonio C. Traino, Chiara Sottocornola, Patrizio Barca, Carolina Marini, Giacomo Aringhieri, Davide Caramella and M. Evelina Fantacci
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:28
  36. Our purpose was to test the within-subject (test–retest) reproducibility of the perfusion fraction, diffusion coefficient, and pseudo-diffusion coefficient measurements in various foetus organs and in the plac...

    Authors: András Jakab, Ruth Tuura, Raimund Kottke, Christian J Kellenberger and Ianina Scheer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:26
  37. To assess the feasibility of dual-contrast spectral photon-counting computed tomography (SPCCT) for liver imaging.

    Authors: Daniela Muenzel, Heiner Daerr, Roland Proksa, Alexander A. Fingerle, Felix K. Kopp, Philippe Douek, Julia Herzen, Franz Pfeiffer, Ernst J. Rummeny and Peter B. Noël
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:25
  38. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who undergo chronic haemodialysis (HD) show altered sympathetic tone, which is related to a higher cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of this study was to investig...

    Authors: Walter Noordzij, Akin Özyilmaz, Andor W. J. M. Glaudemans, René A. Tio, Esther R. Goet, Casper F. M. Franssen and Riemer H. J. A. Slart
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:24
  39. Body weight (BW) is a relevant metric in emergency care. However, visual/physical methods to estimate BW are unreliable. We have developed a method for estimating BW based on effective mAs (mAseff) from computed ...

    Authors: Dominic Gascho, Lucia Ganzoni, Philippe Kolly, Niklaus Zoelch, Gary M. Hatch, Michael J. Thali and Thomas D. Ruder
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:23
  40. In this study, we sought to investigate if computer-extracted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phenotypes of breast cancer could replicate human-extracted size and Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-...

    Authors: Elizabeth J. Sutton, Erich P. Huang, Karen Drukker, Elizabeth S. Burnside, Hui Li, Jose M. Net, Arvind Rao, Gary J. Whitman, Margarita Zuley, Marie Ganott, Ermelinda Bonaccio, Maryellen L. Giger and Elizabeth A. Morris
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:22
  41. Response evaluation criteria in solid tumours (RECIST) has significant limitations in terms of variability and reproducibility, which may not be independent. The aim of the study was to evaluate the precision ...

    Authors: F. H. Cornelis, M. Martin, O. Saut, X. Buy, M. Kind, J. Palussiere and T. Colin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:16
  42. Portable bedside chest X-ray (CXR) is an important and frequently used tool in the intensive care unit (ICU). Unfortunately, the diagnostic value of portable CXR is often low due to technical limitations and s...

    Authors: Jeroen Cant, Annemie Snoeckx, Gert Behiels, Paul M. Parizel and Jan Sijbers
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:20
  43. Our aim was to determine if water-enhanced antegrade magnetic resonance (MR) pyelography can be an alternative to conventional antegrade pyelography in pregnant patients who require percutaneous nephrostomy pl...

    Authors: Grainne N. Allen, Bryan W. Buckley, Daniel M. Conroy, Dara J. Lundon, Padraic MacMathuna, Kiaran O’Malley, Leo P. Lawler and Carole A. Ridge
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:19
  44. The aim of this work was to evaluate detection of low-contrast objects and image quality in computed tomography (CT) phantom images acquired at different tube loadings (i.e. mAs) and reconstructed with differe...

    Authors: Luca Bellesi, Rolf Wyttenbach, Diego Gaudino, Paolo Colleoni, Francesco Pupillo, Mauro Carrara, Antonio Braghetti, Carla Puligheddu and Stefano Presilla
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:18
  45. Based on the images generated from two multi-slice computed tomography (CT) scanners, we intended to compare the five-line sign of normal interlobular fissures produced on axial or oblique maximum intensity pr...

    Authors: Anle Yu, Qun Li, Yuefu Zhan and Jinlong He
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:17
  46. To investigate vascular-related pathophysiological characteristics of two human lung cancers with modifiable vascularisation using MRI and CT.

    Authors: M. Mirus, S. V. Tokalov, G. Wolf, J. Heinold, V. Prochnow and N. Abolmaali
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2017 1:15

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