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  1. Application of an endorectal coil (ERC) for 3.0-T prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is contentious. We hypothesised that a multicoil phased-array protocol provides T2-weighted images (T2WI) and diffusi...

    Authors: Sophie Murer, Juergen Scheidler, Ulrike L. Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Helling, Michael Scherr and Ullrich G. Mueller-Lisse
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:30
  2. With this review, we aimed to provide a synopsis of recently proposed applications of machine learning (ML) in radiology focusing on prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). After defining the difference bet...

    Authors: Renato Cuocolo, Maria Brunella Cipullo, Arnaldo Stanzione, Lorenzo Ugga, Valeria Romeo, Leonardo Radice, Arturo Brunetti and Massimo Imbriaco
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:35
  3. Preoperative evaluation of nipple-areola complex (NAC) tumour involvement is crucial to select patients candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy. Our aim was to validate a previously developed automated method...

    Authors: Marta D’Alonzo, Laura Martincich, Agnese Fenoglio, Valentina Giannini, Lisa Cellini, Viola Liberale and Nicoletta Biglia
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:31
  4. Whole-heart magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) requires sophisticated methods accounting for respiratory motion. Our purpose was to evaluate the image quality of compressed sensing-based respiratory motion-r...

    Authors: Robert E. Stroud, Davide Piccini, U. Joseph Schoepf, John Heerfordt, Jérôme Yerly, Lorenzo Di Sopra, Jonathan D. Rollins, Andreas M. Fischer, Pal Suranyi and Akos Varga-Szemes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:29
  5. To manage and analyse dosimetric data provided by computed tomography (CT) scanners from four Italian hospitals.

    Authors: Francesca Calderoni, Federica Campanaro, Paola Enrica Colombo, Mauro Campoleoni, Cristina De Mattia, Federica Rottoli, Giannicola Galetta, Fabio Zucconi, Andrea Pola, Andrea Righini, Fabio Triulzi, Angelo Vanzulli and Alberto Torresin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:27
  6. Although x-ray dark-field imaging has been intensively investigated for lung imaging in different animal models, there is very limited data about imaging features in the human lungs. Therefore, in this work, a...

    Authors: Alexander A. Fingerle, Fabio De Marco, Jana Andrejewski, Konstantin Willer, Lukas B. Gromann, Wolfgang Noichl, Fabian Kriner, Florian Fischer, Christian Braun, Hanns-Ingo Maack, Thomas Pralow, Thomas Koehler, Peter B. Noël, Felix Meurer, Dominik Deniffel, Andreas P. Sauter…
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:25
  7. To evaluate patient radiation dose and procedural duration recorded during pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) embolisation performed using high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) as compared with conven...

    Authors: Emanuele Boatta, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Pierre De Marini, Mathieu Canuet, Julien Garnon, Bob Heger, Thi Mai Bernmann, Nitin Ramamurthy, Christine Jahn, Marc Lopez and Afshin Gangi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:26
  8. Coarctation patients before curative reconstruction are exposed to abnormal flow patterns which potentially could cause wall deterioration. This study evaluated the effect of age at correction on the pulse wav...

    Authors: Joe F. Juffermans, Ineke Nederend, Pieter J. van den Boogaard, Arend D. J. ten Harkel, Mark G. Hazekamp, Hildo J. Lamb, Arno A. W. Roest and Jos J. M. Westenberg
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:24
  9. To evaluate changes in perfusion computed tomography (PCT) parameters induced by treatment with conventional chemotherapy (CCT) alone or with CCT and radiation therapy (RT) in patients with non-small cell lung...

    Authors: Carmen Trinidad López, Javier De La Fuente Aguado, Roque Oca Pernas, Carlos Delgado Sánchez-Gracián, Eloisa Santos Armentia, Antonio Vaamonde Liste, Raquel Prada González and Miguel Souto Bayarri
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:23
  10. To determine the utility of single-contrast-bolus hepatic extracellular volume (ECV) fraction measurement at different time points to detect and quantify hepatic fibrosis.

    Authors: Julian A. Luetkens, Sabine Klein, Frank Träber, Wolfgang Block, Frederic C. Schmeel, Alois M. Sprinkart, Daniel L. R. Kuetting, Frank E. Uschner, Robert Schierwagen, Daniel Thomas, Jonel Trebicka and Guido M. Kukuk
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:22
  11. We report on the feasibility of C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) parenchymal blood volume imaging (PBVI) performed immediately following transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of hepatocellular carci...

    Authors: Rory L. O’Donohoe, Richard G. Kavanagh, Alexis M. Cahalane, Diarmaid D. Houlihan, Jeffrey W. McCann and Edmund Ronan Ryan
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:21
  12. Vascular interventions imply radiation exposure to the operating physician (OP). To reduce radiation exposure, we propose a novel passive robotic device for fluoroscopy-guided arterial puncturing.

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan, Chang-Hwan Yoon and Byung-Ju Yi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:20
  13. Grating interferometry mammography (GIM) is an experimental breast imaging method at the edge of being clinically implemented. Besides attenuation, GIM can measure the refraction and scattering of x-rays resul...

    Authors: Kristina Lång, Carolina Arboleda, Serafino Forte, Zhentian Wang, Sven Prevrhal, Thomas Koehler, Norbert Kuhn, Bernd David, Konstantins Jefimovs, Rahel A. Kubik-Huch and Marco Stampanoni
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:19
  14. Multiparametric positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (mpPET/MRI) shows clinical potential for detection and classification of breast lesions. Yet, the contribution of features for computer-a...

    Authors: Wolf-Dieter Vogl, Katja Pinker, Thomas H. Helbich, Hubert Bickel, Günther Grabner, Wolfgang Bogner, Stephan Gruber, Zsuzsanna Bago-Horvath, Peter Dubsky and Georg Langs
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:18
  15. To better understand bone fragility in type 2 diabetes mellitus and define the contribution of microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) to the evaluation of bone microarchitecture and vascularisation, we conducted an

    Authors: David Zeitoun, Guavri Caliaperoumal, Morad Bensidhoum, Jean Marc Constans, Fani Anagnostou and Valérie Bousson
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:17
  16. Myocardial perfusion measurement with a low-dose first-pass analysis (FPA) dynamic computed tomography (CT) perfusion technique depends upon acquisition of two whole-heart volume scans at the base and peak of ...

    Authors: Logan Hubbard, Shant Malkasian, Yixiao Zhao, Pablo Abbona and Sabee Molloi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:16
  17. Conventional ultrasound (US) provides important qualitative information, although there is a need to evaluate the influence of the input parameters on the output signal and standardise the acquisition for an a...

    Authors: Ángel Alberich-Bayarri, Jose Tomás-Cucarella, Alfredo Torregrosa-Lloret, Javier Sáiz Rodriguez and Luis Martí-Bonmatí
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:15
  18. The visualisation of the celiac plexus using respiratory- and cardiac-triggered three-dimensional (3D) sheath inked rapid acquisition with refocused echoes imaging (SHINKEI) was evaluated. After ethical approv...

    Authors: Cyril J. Ferrer, Clemens Bos, Masami Yoneyama, Makoto Obara, Lisanne Kok, Maarten S. van Leeuwen, Ronald L. A. W. Bleys, Chrit T. W. Moonen and Lambertus W. Bartels
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:14
  19. To study hippocampus subfield volumes in patients after microsurgical clipping (MC) and/or endovascular coiling (EC) of intracranial aneurysms.

    Authors: Dennis M. Hedderich, Tim J. Reess, Matthias Thaler, Maria T. Berndt, Sebastian Moench, Manuel Lehm, Tiberiu Andrisan, Christian Maegerlein, Bernhard Meyer, Yu-Mi Ryang, Claus Zimmer, Maria Wostrack and Benjamin Friedrich
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:13
  20. In computed tomography (CT) quality assurance, alignment of image quality phantoms is crucial for quantitative and reproducible evaluation and may be improved by alignment correction. Our goal was to develop a...

    Authors: Stephan Skornitzke, Jacek Raddatz, André Bahr, Gregor Pahn, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Wolfram Stiller
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:12
  21. Externally controlling and monitoring drug release at a desired time and location is currently lacking in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the study was to develop a thermoresponsive wax-coated capsule a...

    Authors: Simon Matoori, Maurizio Roveri, Peter Tiefenboeck, Annatina Romagna, Olha Wuerthinger, Orpheus Kolokythas and Johannes M. Froehlich
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:11
  22. Four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with advanced parallel imaging have the potential to reduce scan time with equivalent image quality and accuracy compared with standard two...

    Authors: Sebastian Ebel, Lisa Hübner, Benjamin Köhler, Siegfried Kropf, Bernhard Preim, Bernd Jung, Matthias Grothoff and Matthias Gutberlet
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:10
  23. Current developments showed a fast-increasing implementation and use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in medical applications. Our aim was to review the literature regarding the application of 3D printing to...

    Authors: Volkan Tuncay and Peter M. A. van Ooijen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:9
  24. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of ischemic stroke detection from computed tomography angiography source images (CTA-SI) using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks.

    Authors: Olli Öman, Teemu Mäkelä, Eero Salli, Sauli Savolainen and Marko Kangasniemi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:8
  25. To investigate the feasibility of compressed sensing and parallel imaging (CS-PI)-accelerated bowel motility magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare its image quality and diagnostic quality to conventi...

    Authors: C. S. de Jonge, B. F. Coolen, E. S. Peper, A. G. Motaal, C. Y. Nio, I. Somers, G. J. Strijkers, J. Stoker and A. J. Nederveen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:7
  26. Quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) probes into tissue microstructure in solid tumours. In this retrospective ethically approved study, we investigated DWI as a potential non-invasive predictor of tu...

    Authors: Anna-Lydia Peschmann, Meinrad Beer, Bettina Ammann, Jens Dreyhaupt, Katharina Kneer, Ambros J. Beer, Christian Beltinger, Daniel Steinbach, Holger Cario and Henning Neubauer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:6
  27. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has become the standard of care to achieve accurate and reproducible diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, mpMRI is quite demanding in terms of technical rig...

    Authors: Rossano Girometti, Lorenzo Cereser, Filippo Bonato and Chiara Zuiani
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:5
  28. Osteoplasty has been discouraged in long bones. However, despite a substantial lack of pre-clinical biomechanical tests, multiple clinical studies have implemented a wide range of techniques to optimise long b...

    Authors: Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Guillaume Koch, Julien Garnon, Nitin Ramamurthy, Jérémie Jégu, Philippe Clavert and Afshin Gangi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:4
  29. Flow-diverter stents (FDSs) have revolutionised the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. However, associated dual antiplatelet treatment is mandatory. We investigated the biocompatibility of three proprietary ...

    Authors: Rosa Martínez Moreno, Pervinder Bhogal, Tim Lenz-Habijan, Catrin Bannewitz, Adnan Siddiqui, Pedro Lylyk, Ralf Hannes, Hermann Monstadt and Hans Henkes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:3
  30. Ultrasound (US) is not only an important diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the pancreas, but is also a fundamental imaging technique to guide percutaneous interventions for several pancreatic diseases (flu...

    Authors: Mirko D’Onofrio, Alessandro Beleù and Riccardo De Robertis
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:2
  31. To predict conventional test forces (peak torque and pull-out force) and a new test force (implant stability quotient [ISQ] value of a spinal pedicle screw) from computed tomography (CT) parameters, including ...

    Authors: Daisuke Nakashima, Ken Ishii, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hiromasa Kawana, Masahiro Jinzaki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura and Takeo Nagura
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:1
  32. Image-quality assessment is a fundamental step before clinical evaluation of magnetic resonance images. The aim of this study was to introduce a visual scoring system that provides a quality control standard f...

    Authors: S. M. Fallatah, F. B. Pizzini, B. Gomez-Anson, J. Magerkurth, E. De Vita, S. Bisdas, H. R. Jäger, H. J. M. M. Mutsaerts and X. Golay
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:45
  33. The prolonged, gonadotoxic effect of chemotherapy can finally lead to infertility in female cancer survivors. There is controversial evidence regarding the protective role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone ana...

    Authors: Massimo Venturini, Alice Bergamini, Laura Perani, Ana Maria Sanchez, Elena Giulia Rossi, Anna Colarieti, Micaela Petrone, Francesco De Cobelli, Alessandro Del Maschio, Paola Viganò, Giorgia Mangili, Massimo Candiani, Carlo Tacchetti and Antonio Esposito
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:44
  34. To evaluate changes in total choline (tCho) absolute concentration ([tCho]) in the breast of healthy fertile women in relation to menstrual cycle (MC) or use of oral contraceptives (OC).

    Authors: Giovanni Di Leo, Ileana Ioan, Maria Laura Luciani, Cecilia Midulla, Franca Podo, Francesco Sardanelli and Federica Pediconi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:43
  35. The past few years have seen a considerable rise in interest towards artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in radiology. However, in order for such systems to perform adequately, large amou...

    Authors: Daniel Pinto dos Santos and Bettina Baeßler
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:42
  36. The contrast agent (CA) dose for abdominal computed tomography (CT) is typically based on patient total body weight (TBW), ignoring adipose tissue distribution. We report on our experience of dosing according ...

    Authors: Moreno Zanardo, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Anastassia Esseridou, Stefania Tritella, Chiara Mattiuz, Laura Menicagli, Giovanni Di Leo and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:41
  37. To investigate a potentially amplifying genotoxic or cytotoxic effect of different gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in combination with ultra-high-field 7-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exposure in...

    Authors: Björn Friebe, Frank Godenschweger, Mahsa Fatahi, Oliver Speck, Dirk Roggenbuck, Dirk Reinhold and Annika Reddig
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:40
  38. The size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) is a dose-related metrics that incorporates patient size into its calculation. It is usually derived from the volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) by applying a c...

    Authors: Siobhan O’Neill, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Niamh Moore, Michael Maher and Owen J. O’Connor
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:38
  39. The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro pineapple juice and a solution of concentrated pineapple juice with a paramagnetic contrast agent in order to determine the feasibility of using the solution of c...

    Authors: Riccardo Faletti, Marco Gatti, Andrea Di Chio, Marco Fronda, Matteo Anselmino, Federico Ferraris, Fiorenzo Gaita and Paolo Fonio
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:39
  40. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a relatively common disorder with significant associated morbidity. Sarcopenia and myosteatosis are associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study investigated o...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Michael M. Maher, Owen J. O’Connor and Emmet J. Andrews
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:37
  41. Radiomics is an emerging translational field of research aiming to extract mineable high-dimensional data from clinical images. The radiomic process can be divided into distinct steps with definable inputs and ou...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Francesca Botta, Sara Raimondi, Daniela Origgi, Cristiana Fanciullo, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti and Massimo Bellomi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:36
  42. The primary aim was to compare fractional anisotropy (FA) values derived with different diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis approaches (atlas-based, streamline tractography, and combined). A secondary aim ...

    Authors: Volker Ressel, Hubertus J. A. van Hedel, Ianina Scheer and Ruth O’Gorman Tuura
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:33
  43. Proton-density fat fraction (PDFF) of the paraspinal muscles, derived from chemical shift encoding-based water-fat magnetic resonance imaging, has emerged as an important surrogate biomarker in individuals wit...

    Authors: Thomas Baum, Cristian Lorenz, Christian Buerger, Friedemann Freitag, Michael Dieckmeyer, Holger Eggers, Claus Zimmer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos and Jan S. Kirschke
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:32
  44. Computed tomography (CT) emphysema quantification is affected by both radiation dose (i.e. image noise) and reconstruction technique. At reduced dose, filtered back projection (FBP) results in an overestimation o...

    Authors: Annemarie M. den Harder, Erwin de Boer, Suzanne J. Lagerweij, Martijn F. Boomsma, Arnold M. R. Schilham, Martin J. Willemink, Julien Milles, Tim Leiner, Ricardo P. J. Budde and Pim A. de Jong
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:30
  45. Deep learning is a ground-breaking technology that is revolutionising many research and industrial fields. Generative models are recently gaining interest. Here, we investigate their potential, namely conditio...

    Authors: Fabio Galbusera, Tito Bassani, Gloria Casaroli, Salvatore Gitto, Edoardo Zanchetta, Francesco Costa and Luca Maria Sconfienza
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:29
  46. One of the most promising areas of health innovation is the application of artificial intelligence (AI), primarily in medical imaging. This article provides basic definitions of terms such as “machine/deep lea...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:35
  47. Image-guided elastoplasty is an innovative method for percutaneous vertebral augmentation with a silicone elastomeric material. Our aim was to evaluate its technical success, safety and efficacy as well as the...

    Authors: Giovanni Mauri, Luca Nicosia, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Gianluca Maria Varano, Paolo Della Vigna, Guido Bonomo, Franco Orsi and Giovanni Carlo Anselmetti
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:31
  48. To evaluate the feasibility of multicolour quantitative imaging with spectral photon-counting computed tomography (SPCCT) of different mixed contrast agents.

    Authors: Salim Si-Mohamed, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Valérie Tatard-Leitman, David P. Cormode, Pratap C. Naha, Philippe Coulon, Lucie Rascle, Ewald Roessl, Michal Rokni, Ami Altman, Yoad Yagil, Loic Boussel and Philippe Douek
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:34

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