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  1. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) guidelines recommend ultrasound screening in high-risk patients. However, in some patients, ultrasound image quality is suboptimal due to factors such as hepatic steatosis, cirrh...

    Authors: Michael Vinchill Chan, Stephen J. McDonald, Yang-Yi Ong, Katerina Mastrocostas, Edwin Ho, Ya Ruth Huo, Cositha Santhakumar, Alice Unah Lee and Jessica Yang
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:49
  2. Flow diverters (FDs) are widely used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, but the required medication increases the risk of haemorrhagic complications and limits their use in the acute setting. Surface ...

    Authors: Tim Lenz-Habijan, Pervinder Bhogal, Catrin Bannewitz, Ralf Hannes, Hermann Monstadt, Andreas Simgen, Ruben Mühl-Benninghaus, Wolfgang Reith and Hans Henkes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:47
  3. We investigated the influence of dose, spectral separation, pitch, rotation time, and reconstruction kernel on accuracy and image noise of virtual non-calcium images using a bone marrow phantom.

    Authors: Felix C. Müller, Henrik Børgesen, Kasper Gosvig, Anders Rodell, Christian Booz, Bernhard Schmidt, Bernhard Krauss and Mikael Boesen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:46
  4. Assessment of the thigh muscle fat composition using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide surrogate markers in subjects suffering from various musculoskeletal disorders including knee osteoarthritis or...

    Authors: Stephanie Inhuber, Nico Sollmann, Sarah Schlaeger, Michael Dieckmeyer, Egon Burian, Caroline Kohlmeyer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Jan S. Kirschke, Thomas Baum, Florian Kreuzpointner and Ansgar Schwirtz
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:45

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:50

  5. Our aims were to determine if features derived from texture analysis (TA) can distinguish normal, benign, and malignant tissue on automated breast ultrasound (ABUS); to evaluate whether machine learning (ML) a...

    Authors: Magda Marcon, Alexander Ciritsis, Cristina Rossi, Anton S. Becker, Nicole Berger, Moritz C. Wurnig, Matthias W. Wagner, Thomas Frauenfelder and Andreas Boss
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:44
  6. Segmentation of computed tomography (CT) images provides quantitative data on body tissue composition, which may greatly impact the development and progression of diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and ...

    Authors: Lisa Jannicke Kjønigsen, Magnus Harneshaug, Ann-Monica Fløtten, Lena Korsmo Karterud, Kent Petterson, Grethe Skjolde, Heidi B. Eggesbø, Harald Weedon-Fekjær, Hege Berg Henriksen and Peter M. Lauritzen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:42
  7. Liver alignment between series/exams is challenged by dynamic morphology or variability in patient positioning or motion. Image registration can improve image interpretation and lesion co-localization. We asse...

    Authors: Kyle A. Hasenstab, Guilherme Moura Cunha, Atsushi Higaki, Shintaro Ichikawa, Kang Wang, Timo Delgado, Ryan L. Brunsing, Alexandra Schlein, Leornado Kayat Bittencourt, Armin Schwartzman, Katie J. Fowler, Albert Hsiao and Claude B. Sirlin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:43
  8. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in large animals is cumbersome for various reasons, including ethical considerations, costs of housing and maintenance, and need for anaesthesia. Our primary purpose wa...

    Authors: Eva S. Peper, Alberto M. Leopaldi, Sjoerd van Tuijl, Bram F. Coolen, Gustav J. Strijkers, Jan Baan Jr, R. Nils Planken, Arend de Weger, Aart J. Nederveen, Henk A. Marquering and Pim van Ooij
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:40
  9. To develop a supervised machine learning (ML) algorithm predicting above- versus below-median overall survival (OS) from diffusion-weighted imaging-derived radiomic features in patients with pancreatic ductal ade...

    Authors: Georgios Kaissis, Sebastian Ziegelmayer, Fabian Lohöfer, Hana Algül, Matthias Eiber, Wilko Weichert, Roland Schmid, Helmut Friess, Ernst Rummeny, Donna Ankerst, Jens Siveke and Rickmer Braren
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:41
  10. Real-time dosimeters may create a relatively safer environment not only for the patient but also for the physician and the assistant as well. We propose the use of a real-time radiation measurement dosimeter h...

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan and Byung-Ju Yi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:38
  11. Structured reports have been shown to improve communication between radiologists and providers. However, some radiologists are concerned about resultant decreased workflow efficiency. We tested a machine learn...

    Authors: Adam Spandorfer, Cody Branch, Puneet Sharma, Pooyan Sahbaee, U. Joseph Schoepf, James G. Ravenel and John W. Nance
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:37
  12. Computed tomography can provide high-resolution details on nasal anatomy being potentially useful for the assessment of nasal spray deposition. The purpose of this technical note was to present a method based ...

    Authors: Thomas Sartoretti, Manoj Mannil, Stefan Biendl, Johannes M. Froehlich, Hatem Alkadhi and Matthias Zadory
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:32
  13. To investigate whether quantitative radiomic features extracted from digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) are associated with Ki-67 expression of breast cancer.

    Authors: Alberto Stefano Tagliafico, Bianca Bignotti, Federica Rossi, Joao Matos, Massimo Calabrese, Francesca Valdora and Nehmat Houssami
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:36
  14. Bone strain index (BSI) is a tool measuring bone strain, derived from dual x-ray photon absorptiometry. It is able to characterise an aspect of bone quality that, joined to the quantity and quality parameters of ...

    Authors: C. Messina, L. P. Piodi, L. Rinaudo, I. Emili, F. Porro, C. Buonomenna, L. M. Sconfienza, L. Vergani and F. M. Ulivieri
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:33
  15. Application of an endorectal coil (ERC) for 3.0-T prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is contentious. We hypothesised that a multicoil phased-array protocol provides T2-weighted images (T2WI) and diffusi...

    Authors: Sophie Murer, Juergen Scheidler, Ulrike L. Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Helling, Michael Scherr and Ullrich G. Mueller-Lisse
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:30
  16. With this review, we aimed to provide a synopsis of recently proposed applications of machine learning (ML) in radiology focusing on prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). After defining the difference bet...

    Authors: Renato Cuocolo, Maria Brunella Cipullo, Arnaldo Stanzione, Lorenzo Ugga, Valeria Romeo, Leonardo Radice, Arturo Brunetti and Massimo Imbriaco
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:35
  17. Preoperative evaluation of nipple-areola complex (NAC) tumour involvement is crucial to select patients candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy. Our aim was to validate a previously developed automated method...

    Authors: Marta D’Alonzo, Laura Martincich, Agnese Fenoglio, Valentina Giannini, Lisa Cellini, Viola Liberale and Nicoletta Biglia
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:31
  18. Whole-heart magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) requires sophisticated methods accounting for respiratory motion. Our purpose was to evaluate the image quality of compressed sensing-based respiratory motion-r...

    Authors: Robert E. Stroud, Davide Piccini, U. Joseph Schoepf, John Heerfordt, Jérôme Yerly, Lorenzo Di Sopra, Jonathan D. Rollins, Andreas M. Fischer, Pal Suranyi and Akos Varga-Szemes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:29
  19. To manage and analyse dosimetric data provided by computed tomography (CT) scanners from four Italian hospitals.

    Authors: Francesca Calderoni, Federica Campanaro, Paola Enrica Colombo, Mauro Campoleoni, Cristina De Mattia, Federica Rottoli, Giannicola Galetta, Fabio Zucconi, Andrea Pola, Andrea Righini, Fabio Triulzi, Angelo Vanzulli and Alberto Torresin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:27
  20. Although x-ray dark-field imaging has been intensively investigated for lung imaging in different animal models, there is very limited data about imaging features in the human lungs. Therefore, in this work, a...

    Authors: Alexander A. Fingerle, Fabio De Marco, Jana Andrejewski, Konstantin Willer, Lukas B. Gromann, Wolfgang Noichl, Fabian Kriner, Florian Fischer, Christian Braun, Hanns-Ingo Maack, Thomas Pralow, Thomas Koehler, Peter B. Noël, Felix Meurer, Dominik Deniffel, Andreas P. Sauter…
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:25
  21. To evaluate patient radiation dose and procedural duration recorded during pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) embolisation performed using high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) as compared with conven...

    Authors: Emanuele Boatta, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Pierre De Marini, Mathieu Canuet, Julien Garnon, Bob Heger, Thi Mai Bernmann, Nitin Ramamurthy, Christine Jahn, Marc Lopez and Afshin Gangi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:26
  22. Coarctation patients before curative reconstruction are exposed to abnormal flow patterns which potentially could cause wall deterioration. This study evaluated the effect of age at correction on the pulse wav...

    Authors: Joe F. Juffermans, Ineke Nederend, Pieter J. van den Boogaard, Arend D. J. ten Harkel, Mark G. Hazekamp, Hildo J. Lamb, Arno A. W. Roest and Jos J. M. Westenberg
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:24
  23. To evaluate changes in perfusion computed tomography (PCT) parameters induced by treatment with conventional chemotherapy (CCT) alone or with CCT and radiation therapy (RT) in patients with non-small cell lung...

    Authors: Carmen Trinidad López, Javier De La Fuente Aguado, Roque Oca Pernas, Carlos Delgado Sánchez-Gracián, Eloisa Santos Armentia, Antonio Vaamonde Liste, Raquel Prada González and Miguel Souto Bayarri
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:23
  24. To determine the utility of single-contrast-bolus hepatic extracellular volume (ECV) fraction measurement at different time points to detect and quantify hepatic fibrosis.

    Authors: Julian A. Luetkens, Sabine Klein, Frank Träber, Wolfgang Block, Frederic C. Schmeel, Alois M. Sprinkart, Daniel L. R. Kuetting, Frank E. Uschner, Robert Schierwagen, Daniel Thomas, Jonel Trebicka and Guido M. Kukuk
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:22
  25. We report on the feasibility of C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) parenchymal blood volume imaging (PBVI) performed immediately following transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of hepatocellular carci...

    Authors: Rory L. O’Donohoe, Richard G. Kavanagh, Alexis M. Cahalane, Diarmaid D. Houlihan, Jeffrey W. McCann and Edmund Ronan Ryan
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:21
  26. Vascular interventions imply radiation exposure to the operating physician (OP). To reduce radiation exposure, we propose a novel passive robotic device for fluoroscopy-guided arterial puncturing.

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan, Chang-Hwan Yoon and Byung-Ju Yi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:20
  27. Grating interferometry mammography (GIM) is an experimental breast imaging method at the edge of being clinically implemented. Besides attenuation, GIM can measure the refraction and scattering of x-rays resul...

    Authors: Kristina Lång, Carolina Arboleda, Serafino Forte, Zhentian Wang, Sven Prevrhal, Thomas Koehler, Norbert Kuhn, Bernd David, Konstantins Jefimovs, Rahel A. Kubik-Huch and Marco Stampanoni
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:19
  28. Multiparametric positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (mpPET/MRI) shows clinical potential for detection and classification of breast lesions. Yet, the contribution of features for computer-a...

    Authors: Wolf-Dieter Vogl, Katja Pinker, Thomas H. Helbich, Hubert Bickel, Günther Grabner, Wolfgang Bogner, Stephan Gruber, Zsuzsanna Bago-Horvath, Peter Dubsky and Georg Langs
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:18
  29. To better understand bone fragility in type 2 diabetes mellitus and define the contribution of microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) to the evaluation of bone microarchitecture and vascularisation, we conducted an

    Authors: David Zeitoun, Guavri Caliaperoumal, Morad Bensidhoum, Jean Marc Constans, Fani Anagnostou and Valérie Bousson
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:17
  30. Myocardial perfusion measurement with a low-dose first-pass analysis (FPA) dynamic computed tomography (CT) perfusion technique depends upon acquisition of two whole-heart volume scans at the base and peak of ...

    Authors: Logan Hubbard, Shant Malkasian, Yixiao Zhao, Pablo Abbona and Sabee Molloi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:16
  31. Conventional ultrasound (US) provides important qualitative information, although there is a need to evaluate the influence of the input parameters on the output signal and standardise the acquisition for an a...

    Authors: Ángel Alberich-Bayarri, Jose Tomás-Cucarella, Alfredo Torregrosa-Lloret, Javier Sáiz Rodriguez and Luis Martí-Bonmatí
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:15
  32. The visualisation of the celiac plexus using respiratory- and cardiac-triggered three-dimensional (3D) sheath inked rapid acquisition with refocused echoes imaging (SHINKEI) was evaluated. After ethical approv...

    Authors: Cyril J. Ferrer, Clemens Bos, Masami Yoneyama, Makoto Obara, Lisanne Kok, Maarten S. van Leeuwen, Ronald L. A. W. Bleys, Chrit T. W. Moonen and Lambertus W. Bartels
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:14
  33. To study hippocampus subfield volumes in patients after microsurgical clipping (MC) and/or endovascular coiling (EC) of intracranial aneurysms.

    Authors: Dennis M. Hedderich, Tim J. Reess, Matthias Thaler, Maria T. Berndt, Sebastian Moench, Manuel Lehm, Tiberiu Andrisan, Christian Maegerlein, Bernhard Meyer, Yu-Mi Ryang, Claus Zimmer, Maria Wostrack and Benjamin Friedrich
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:13
  34. In computed tomography (CT) quality assurance, alignment of image quality phantoms is crucial for quantitative and reproducible evaluation and may be improved by alignment correction. Our goal was to develop a...

    Authors: Stephan Skornitzke, Jacek Raddatz, André Bahr, Gregor Pahn, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Wolfram Stiller
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:12
  35. Externally controlling and monitoring drug release at a desired time and location is currently lacking in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the study was to develop a thermoresponsive wax-coated capsule a...

    Authors: Simon Matoori, Maurizio Roveri, Peter Tiefenboeck, Annatina Romagna, Olha Wuerthinger, Orpheus Kolokythas and Johannes M. Froehlich
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:11
  36. Four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with advanced parallel imaging have the potential to reduce scan time with equivalent image quality and accuracy compared with standard two...

    Authors: Sebastian Ebel, Lisa Hübner, Benjamin Köhler, Siegfried Kropf, Bernhard Preim, Bernd Jung, Matthias Grothoff and Matthias Gutberlet
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:10
  37. Current developments showed a fast-increasing implementation and use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in medical applications. Our aim was to review the literature regarding the application of 3D printing to...

    Authors: Volkan Tuncay and Peter M. A. van Ooijen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:9
  38. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of ischemic stroke detection from computed tomography angiography source images (CTA-SI) using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks.

    Authors: Olli Öman, Teemu Mäkelä, Eero Salli, Sauli Savolainen and Marko Kangasniemi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:8
  39. To investigate the feasibility of compressed sensing and parallel imaging (CS-PI)-accelerated bowel motility magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare its image quality and diagnostic quality to conventi...

    Authors: C. S. de Jonge, B. F. Coolen, E. S. Peper, A. G. Motaal, C. Y. Nio, I. Somers, G. J. Strijkers, J. Stoker and A. J. Nederveen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:7
  40. Quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) probes into tissue microstructure in solid tumours. In this retrospective ethically approved study, we investigated DWI as a potential non-invasive predictor of tu...

    Authors: Anna-Lydia Peschmann, Meinrad Beer, Bettina Ammann, Jens Dreyhaupt, Katharina Kneer, Ambros J. Beer, Christian Beltinger, Daniel Steinbach, Holger Cario and Henning Neubauer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:6
  41. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has become the standard of care to achieve accurate and reproducible diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, mpMRI is quite demanding in terms of technical rig...

    Authors: Rossano Girometti, Lorenzo Cereser, Filippo Bonato and Chiara Zuiani
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:5
  42. Osteoplasty has been discouraged in long bones. However, despite a substantial lack of pre-clinical biomechanical tests, multiple clinical studies have implemented a wide range of techniques to optimise long b...

    Authors: Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Guillaume Koch, Julien Garnon, Nitin Ramamurthy, Jérémie Jégu, Philippe Clavert and Afshin Gangi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:4
  43. Flow-diverter stents (FDSs) have revolutionised the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. However, associated dual antiplatelet treatment is mandatory. We investigated the biocompatibility of three proprietary ...

    Authors: Rosa Martínez Moreno, Pervinder Bhogal, Tim Lenz-Habijan, Catrin Bannewitz, Adnan Siddiqui, Pedro Lylyk, Ralf Hannes, Hermann Monstadt and Hans Henkes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:3
  44. Ultrasound (US) is not only an important diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the pancreas, but is also a fundamental imaging technique to guide percutaneous interventions for several pancreatic diseases (flu...

    Authors: Mirko D’Onofrio, Alessandro Beleù and Riccardo De Robertis
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:2
  45. To predict conventional test forces (peak torque and pull-out force) and a new test force (implant stability quotient [ISQ] value of a spinal pedicle screw) from computed tomography (CT) parameters, including ...

    Authors: Daisuke Nakashima, Ken Ishii, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hiromasa Kawana, Masahiro Jinzaki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura and Takeo Nagura
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:1
  46. The prolonged, gonadotoxic effect of chemotherapy can finally lead to infertility in female cancer survivors. There is controversial evidence regarding the protective role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone ana...

    Authors: Massimo Venturini, Alice Bergamini, Laura Perani, Ana Maria Sanchez, Elena Giulia Rossi, Anna Colarieti, Micaela Petrone, Francesco De Cobelli, Alessandro Del Maschio, Paola Viganò, Giorgia Mangili, Massimo Candiani, Carlo Tacchetti and Antonio Esposito
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:44

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