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Table 1 3D printing materials for cardiac valve replacement: intended uses and application areas

From: 3D printing for heart valve disease: a systematic review

First author [reference number] Intended use Application area Printing material Post-treatment material
Abdel-Sayed [11] Training Trans-apical aortic valve replacement Silicone Silicone coating
Biglino [34] Device testing Material testing for cardiovascular application TangoPlus FullCure 930 None
Fujita [12] Preoperative planning Transcatheter aortic valve implantation Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene Silicone coating
Fujita [13] Retrospective procedure evaluation Transcatheter aortic valve implantation TangoPlus FullCure 930 Silicone coating
Fujita [14] Preoperative planning Transcatheter aortic valve implantation Photopolymer resin None
Izzo [7] Preoperative planning Transcatheter native mitral valve replacement TangoPlus FullCure 930 None
Kalejs [31] Device testing Aortic valve replacement Silicone Silicone coating
Maragiannis [17] Training Aortic valve stenosis TangoPlus FullCure 930 Silicone coating
Mashari [26] Device testing Mitral valve models Moldstar 15 + Ecoflex 0030 Silicone coating
Ripley [20] Preoperative planning Transcatheter aortic valve implantation Clear flexible resin None
Sardari Nia [27] Preoperative planning Mitral valve intervention Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene Silicone coating
Vukicevic [9] Training Mitral valve intervention TangoPlus FullCure 930 None
Witschey [28] Preoperative planning Mitral valve intervention Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene None
Owais [29] Preoperative planning Mitral annuli Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene None