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  1. In computed tomography (CT) quality assurance, alignment of image quality phantoms is crucial for quantitative and reproducible evaluation and may be improved by alignment correction. Our goal was to develop a...

    Authors: Stephan Skornitzke, Jacek Raddatz, André Bahr, Gregor Pahn, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor and Wolfram Stiller
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:12
  2. Externally controlling and monitoring drug release at a desired time and location is currently lacking in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the study was to develop a thermoresponsive wax-coated capsule a...

    Authors: Simon Matoori, Maurizio Roveri, Peter Tiefenboeck, Annatina Romagna, Olha Wuerthinger, Orpheus Kolokythas and Johannes M. Froehlich
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:11
  3. Four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with advanced parallel imaging have the potential to reduce scan time with equivalent image quality and accuracy compared with standard two...

    Authors: Sebastian Ebel, Lisa Hübner, Benjamin Köhler, Siegfried Kropf, Bernhard Preim, Bernd Jung, Matthias Grothoff and Matthias Gutberlet
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:10
  4. Current developments showed a fast-increasing implementation and use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in medical applications. Our aim was to review the literature regarding the application of 3D printing to...

    Authors: Volkan Tuncay and Peter M. A. van Ooijen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:9
  5. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of ischemic stroke detection from computed tomography angiography source images (CTA-SI) using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks.

    Authors: Olli Öman, Teemu Mäkelä, Eero Salli, Sauli Savolainen and Marko Kangasniemi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:8
  6. To investigate the feasibility of compressed sensing and parallel imaging (CS-PI)-accelerated bowel motility magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare its image quality and diagnostic quality to conventi...

    Authors: C. S. de Jonge, B. F. Coolen, E. S. Peper, A. G. Motaal, C. Y. Nio, I. Somers, G. J. Strijkers, J. Stoker and A. J. Nederveen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:7
  7. Quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) probes into tissue microstructure in solid tumours. In this retrospective ethically approved study, we investigated DWI as a potential non-invasive predictor of tu...

    Authors: Anna-Lydia Peschmann, Meinrad Beer, Bettina Ammann, Jens Dreyhaupt, Katharina Kneer, Ambros J. Beer, Christian Beltinger, Daniel Steinbach, Holger Cario and Henning Neubauer
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:6
  8. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has become the standard of care to achieve accurate and reproducible diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, mpMRI is quite demanding in terms of technical rig...

    Authors: Rossano Girometti, Lorenzo Cereser, Filippo Bonato and Chiara Zuiani
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:5
  9. Osteoplasty has been discouraged in long bones. However, despite a substantial lack of pre-clinical biomechanical tests, multiple clinical studies have implemented a wide range of techniques to optimise long b...

    Authors: Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Guillaume Koch, Julien Garnon, Nitin Ramamurthy, Jérémie Jégu, Philippe Clavert and Afshin Gangi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:4
  10. Flow-diverter stents (FDSs) have revolutionised the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. However, associated dual antiplatelet treatment is mandatory. We investigated the biocompatibility of three proprietary ...

    Authors: Rosa Martínez Moreno, Pervinder Bhogal, Tim Lenz-Habijan, Catrin Bannewitz, Adnan Siddiqui, Pedro Lylyk, Ralf Hannes, Hermann Monstadt and Hans Henkes
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:3
  11. Ultrasound (US) is not only an important diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the pancreas, but is also a fundamental imaging technique to guide percutaneous interventions for several pancreatic diseases (flu...

    Authors: Mirko D’Onofrio, Alessandro Beleù and Riccardo De Robertis
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:2
  12. To predict conventional test forces (peak torque and pull-out force) and a new test force (implant stability quotient [ISQ] value of a spinal pedicle screw) from computed tomography (CT) parameters, including ...

    Authors: Daisuke Nakashima, Ken Ishii, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hiromasa Kawana, Masahiro Jinzaki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura and Takeo Nagura
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2019 3:1
  13. Image-quality assessment is a fundamental step before clinical evaluation of magnetic resonance images. The aim of this study was to introduce a visual scoring system that provides a quality control standard f...

    Authors: S. M. Fallatah, F. B. Pizzini, B. Gomez-Anson, J. Magerkurth, E. De Vita, S. Bisdas, H. R. Jäger, H. J. M. M. Mutsaerts and X. Golay
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:45
  14. The prolonged, gonadotoxic effect of chemotherapy can finally lead to infertility in female cancer survivors. There is controversial evidence regarding the protective role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone ana...

    Authors: Massimo Venturini, Alice Bergamini, Laura Perani, Ana Maria Sanchez, Elena Giulia Rossi, Anna Colarieti, Micaela Petrone, Francesco De Cobelli, Alessandro Del Maschio, Paola Viganò, Giorgia Mangili, Massimo Candiani, Carlo Tacchetti and Antonio Esposito
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:44
  15. To evaluate changes in total choline (tCho) absolute concentration ([tCho]) in the breast of healthy fertile women in relation to menstrual cycle (MC) or use of oral contraceptives (OC).

    Authors: Giovanni Di Leo, Ileana Ioan, Maria Laura Luciani, Cecilia Midulla, Franca Podo, Francesco Sardanelli and Federica Pediconi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:43
  16. The past few years have seen a considerable rise in interest towards artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in radiology. However, in order for such systems to perform adequately, large amou...

    Authors: Daniel Pinto dos Santos and Bettina Baeßler
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:42
  17. The contrast agent (CA) dose for abdominal computed tomography (CT) is typically based on patient total body weight (TBW), ignoring adipose tissue distribution. We report on our experience of dosing according ...

    Authors: Moreno Zanardo, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Anastassia Esseridou, Stefania Tritella, Chiara Mattiuz, Laura Menicagli, Giovanni Di Leo and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:41
  18. To investigate a potentially amplifying genotoxic or cytotoxic effect of different gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in combination with ultra-high-field 7-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exposure in...

    Authors: Björn Friebe, Frank Godenschweger, Mahsa Fatahi, Oliver Speck, Dirk Roggenbuck, Dirk Reinhold and Annika Reddig
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:40
  19. The size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) is a dose-related metrics that incorporates patient size into its calculation. It is usually derived from the volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) by applying a c...

    Authors: Siobhan O’Neill, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Niamh Moore, Michael Maher and Owen J. O’Connor
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:38
  20. The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro pineapple juice and a solution of concentrated pineapple juice with a paramagnetic contrast agent in order to determine the feasibility of using the solution of c...

    Authors: Riccardo Faletti, Marco Gatti, Andrea Di Chio, Marco Fronda, Matteo Anselmino, Federico Ferraris, Fiorenzo Gaita and Paolo Fonio
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:39
  21. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a relatively common disorder with significant associated morbidity. Sarcopenia and myosteatosis are associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study investigated o...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Richard G. Kavanagh, Brian W. Carey, Michael M. Maher, Owen J. O’Connor and Emmet J. Andrews
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:37
  22. Radiomics is an emerging translational field of research aiming to extract mineable high-dimensional data from clinical images. The radiomic process can be divided into distinct steps with definable inputs and ou...

    Authors: Stefania Rizzo, Francesca Botta, Sara Raimondi, Daniela Origgi, Cristiana Fanciullo, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti and Massimo Bellomi
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:36
  23. The primary aim was to compare fractional anisotropy (FA) values derived with different diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis approaches (atlas-based, streamline tractography, and combined). A secondary aim ...

    Authors: Volker Ressel, Hubertus J. A. van Hedel, Ianina Scheer and Ruth O’Gorman Tuura
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:33
  24. Proton-density fat fraction (PDFF) of the paraspinal muscles, derived from chemical shift encoding-based water-fat magnetic resonance imaging, has emerged as an important surrogate biomarker in individuals wit...

    Authors: Thomas Baum, Cristian Lorenz, Christian Buerger, Friedemann Freitag, Michael Dieckmeyer, Holger Eggers, Claus Zimmer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos and Jan S. Kirschke
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:32
  25. Computed tomography (CT) emphysema quantification is affected by both radiation dose (i.e. image noise) and reconstruction technique. At reduced dose, filtered back projection (FBP) results in an overestimation o...

    Authors: Annemarie M. den Harder, Erwin de Boer, Suzanne J. Lagerweij, Martijn F. Boomsma, Arnold M. R. Schilham, Martin J. Willemink, Julien Milles, Tim Leiner, Ricardo P. J. Budde and Pim A. de Jong
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:30
  26. Deep learning is a ground-breaking technology that is revolutionising many research and industrial fields. Generative models are recently gaining interest. Here, we investigate their potential, namely conditio...

    Authors: Fabio Galbusera, Tito Bassani, Gloria Casaroli, Salvatore Gitto, Edoardo Zanchetta, Francesco Costa and Luca Maria Sconfienza
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:29
  27. One of the most promising areas of health innovation is the application of artificial intelligence (AI), primarily in medical imaging. This article provides basic definitions of terms such as “machine/deep lea...

    Authors: Filippo Pesapane, Marina Codari and Francesco Sardanelli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:35
  28. Image-guided elastoplasty is an innovative method for percutaneous vertebral augmentation with a silicone elastomeric material. Our aim was to evaluate its technical success, safety and efficacy as well as the...

    Authors: Giovanni Mauri, Luca Nicosia, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Gianluca Maria Varano, Paolo Della Vigna, Guido Bonomo, Franco Orsi and Giovanni Carlo Anselmetti
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:31
  29. To evaluate the feasibility of multicolour quantitative imaging with spectral photon-counting computed tomography (SPCCT) of different mixed contrast agents.

    Authors: Salim Si-Mohamed, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Valérie Tatard-Leitman, David P. Cormode, Pratap C. Naha, Philippe Coulon, Lucie Rascle, Ewald Roessl, Michal Rokni, Ami Altman, Yoad Yagil, Loic Boussel and Philippe Douek
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:34
  30. To evaluate residual endoleak and thrombus organisation with shear wave imaging (SWI) after endoleak embolisation through an animal study.

    Authors: Antony Bertrand-Grenier, Fatemeh Zehtabi, Sophie Lerouge, Husain Alturkistani, Claude Kauffmann, Paule Bodson-Clermont, Igor Salazkin, Hélène Héon, Guy Cloutier and Gilles Soulez
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:28
  31. To explore the possibility of creating three-dimensional (3D) estimation models for patient-specific wall thickness (WT) maps using patient-specific and cohort-averaged WT, wall shear stress (WSS), and vessel ...

    Authors: Pim van Ooij, Merih Cibis, Ethan M. Rowland, Meike W. Vernooij, Aad van der Lugt, Peter D. Weinberg, Jolanda J. Wentzel and Aart J. Nederveen
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:27
  32. The aim was to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to dynamically assess postprandial changes in hepatic and collateral blood flow, liver perfusion and oxygenation in healthy participants and patients with li...

    Authors: Eleanor F. Cox, Naaventhan Palaniyappan, Guruprasad P. Aithal, Indra N. Guha and Susan T. Francis
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:26
  33. Estimated intracranial volume (eTIV) from FreeSurfer is not segmentation-based but calculated from the alignment of the input magnetic resonance (MR) images to the MNI305 brain atlas, an approach that could le...

    Authors: Niklas Klasson, Erik Olsson, Carl Eckerström, Helge Malmgren and Anders Wallin
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:24
  34. Although splenectomy is considered the preferred treatment for hypersplenism, intraoperative blood loss remains a common occurrence. We prospectively compared the perioperative and clinical outcome of splenic ...

    Authors: Mohamed M. A. Zaitoun, Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Ahmed Raafat, Tamer Rushdy and Walid A. Mawla
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:23
  35. To present and evaluate a new respiratory level biofeedback system that aids the patient to return to a consistent breath-hold level with potential application in image-guided interventions.

    Authors: W. J. Heerink, M. D. Dorrius, H. J. M. Groen, P. M. A. Van Ooijen, R. Vliegenthart and M. Oudkerk
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:22
  36. X-ray and particle radiation therapy planning requires accurate estimation of local electron density within the patient body to calculate dose delivery to tumour regions. We evaluate the feasibility and accura...

    Authors: Kai Mei, Sebastian Ehn, Markus Oechsner, Felix K. Kopp, Daniela Pfeiffer, Alexander A. Fingerle, Franz Pfeiffer, Stephanie E. Combs, Jan J. Wilkens, Ernst J. Rummeny and Peter B. Noël
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:20
  37. Iodine-containing contrast media (ICM) are extensively used to improve image quality and information content in x-ray-based examinations, particularly in computed tomography (CT). In parallel, there is increas...

    Authors: Mélanie L. Ferlazzo, Clement Devic, Adeline Granzotto, Anne-Marie Charvet, Franck Pilleul, Catherine Colin, Marie-Claude Biston, Aurélie Joubert, Michel Bourguignon and Nicolas Foray
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:21
  38. We compared different surgical techniques for nerve regeneration in a rabbit sciatic nerve gap model using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), electrophysiology, limb function, and histology.

    Authors: Tina Jeon, Emil S. Vutescu, Eliana B. Saltzman, Jordan C. Villa, Scott W. Wolfe, Steve K. Lee, Joseph H. Feinberg, Sarah L. Pownder, Jonathan P. Dyke and Darryl B. Sneag
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:19
  39. To assess the feasibility of a novel system that uses augmented reality to guide interventional oncology procedures.

    Authors: Marco Solbiati, Katia M. Passera, Alessandro Rotilio, Francesco Oliva, Ilaria Marre, S. Nahum Goldberg, Tiziana Ierace and Luigi Solbiati
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:18
  40. Stents are commonly used to treat aortic coarctation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the post-implantation computed tomography (CT) image quality of different stent types used to treat aortic coar...

    Authors: Sara Boccalini, Annemarie M. den Harder, Maarten Witsenburg, Johannes P. J. M. Breur, Gabriel P. Krestin, Ingrid M. van Beynum, Mohamed Attrach, Nicola Stagnaro, Maurizio Marasini, Pim A. de Jong, Tim Leiner and Ricardo P. J. Budde
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:17
  41. Trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) has shown a significant overall survival benefit in patients with heavily pre-treated metastatic colorectal cancer. However, predicting treatment response and toxicity in indiv...

    Authors: Sophie A. Kurk, Bart R. Steensma, Anne M. May, Miriam Koopman, Hans M. Hoogduin, Tijl A. van der Velden, Dennis W. J. Klomp and Wybe J. M. van der Kemp
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:16
  42. The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the diagnostic performance of integrated positron emission tomography (PET) /dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) imaging in determining the thoracic nodal...

    Authors: Carlo N. De Cecco, Philip Burchett, Marly van Assen, James Ravenel, Samuel Lewis Cooper, Hong Li, Marques L. Bradshaw, William J. Rieter, U. Joseph Schoepf and Leonie Gordon
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:15
  43. During mammography, the thyroid is exposed to scattered radiation from breast tissue and the device. This may increase the risk of radiation induced thyroid cancer.

    Authors: Miriam Pyka, Patrik Eschle, Christian Sommer, Mathias S. Weyland, Rahel Kubik and Stephan Scheidegger
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:14
  44. Spinal cord atrophy is one of the hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); however, it is not routinely assessed in routine clinical practice. In the present study, we evaluated whether spinal cord cr...

    Authors: Niccolò Piaggio, Matteo Pardini, Luca Roccatagliata, Carlo Scialò, Corrado Cabona, Laura Bonzano, Matilde Inglese, Giovanni L. Mancardi and Claudia Caponnetto
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:13
  45. The aim of our study was to evaluate the potential and the limitations of standard clinical imaging modalities for the examination of ancient Egyptian canopic jars and the mummified visceral organs (putatively...

    Authors: Patrick E. Eppenberger, Mislav Cavka, Michael E. Habicht, Francesco M. Galassi and Frank Rühli
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:12
  46. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any texture features show a correlation with intrahepatic tumor growth before the metastasis is visible to the human eye.

    Authors: Anton S. Becker, Marcel A. Schneider, Moritz C. Wurnig, Matthias Wagner, Pierre A. Clavien and Andreas Boss
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:11
  47. Magnetic resonance (MR)-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can palliate metastatic bone pain by periosteal neurolysis. We investigated the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for monitoring ...

    Authors: Sharon L. Giles, Jessica M. Winfield, David J. Collins, Ian Rivens, John Civale, Gail R. ter Haar and Nandita M. deSouza
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:10
  48. Modern high-performance computed tomography (CT) scanners with improved scan acquisition times now allow for routine assessment of cardiac pathologies on chest CTs, which can result in numerous incidental card...

    Authors: Nienke G. Eijsvoogel, Babs M. F. Hendriks, Hugo B. Park, Sibel Altintas, Casper Mihl, Barbora Horehledova, Bastiaan L. J. H. Kietselaer, Harry J. G. M. Crijns, Joachim E. Wildberger and Marco Das
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:9
  49. We investigated the performance of optical imaging evaluating deoxyhemoglobin concentration alteration (DeHCA) in breast tissues.

    Authors: Antonella Petrillo, Orlando Catalano, Roberta Fusco, Salvatore Filice, Paolo Vallone, Sergio Setola, Vincenza Granata, Concetta Raiano, Franca Avino, Maurizio Di Bonito and Gerardo Botti
    Citation: European Radiology Experimental 2018 2:8

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