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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: 3-T MRI and clinical validation of ultrasound-guided transperineal laser ablation of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
1. Age ≥ 50 years
2. International Prostate Symptoms Score ≥ 12
3. Prostate volume ≥ 30 mL
4. Intolerance or/and lack of results of combined medical treatment (alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors)
1. History of urethral stricture or prostatic surgery
2. Signs of malignancy at magnetic resonance imaging, confirmed by biopsy investigation
3. Neurological disorders (neurogenic bladder)
4. Large median lobe (> 10 mm on longitudinal axis)
5. Indwelling catheter
6. Previous diagnosis of bladder or prostate cancer